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Materials 2010, 3(11), 4922-4938; doi:10.3390/ma3114922
Review

Review of the Two-Step H2O/CO2-Splitting Solar Thermochemical Cycle Based on Zn/ZnO Redox Reactions

1
, 2
 and 1,2,*
Received: 8 October 2010; in revised form: 4 November 2010 / Accepted: 8 November 2010 / Published: 12 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Energy Materials)
Download PDF [396 KB, uploaded 12 November 2010]
Abstract: This article provides a comprehensive overview of the work to date on the two‑step solar H2O and/or CO2 splitting thermochemical cycles with Zn/ZnO redox reactions to produce H2 and/or CO, i.e., synthesis gas—the precursor to renewable liquid hydrocarbon fuels. The two-step cycle encompasses: (1) The endothermic dissociation of ZnO to Zn and O2 using concentrated solar energy as the source for high-temperature process heat; and (2) the non-solar exothermic oxidation of Zn with H2O/CO2 to generate H2/CO, respectively; the resulting ZnO is then recycled to the first step. An outline of the underlying science and the technological advances in solar reactor engineering is provided along with life cycle and economic analyses.
Keywords: solar; energy; concentrated; thermochemical cycle; hydrogen; syngas; reactor solar; energy; concentrated; thermochemical cycle; hydrogen; syngas; reactor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Loutzenhiser, P.G.; Meier, A.; Steinfeld, A. Review of the Two-Step H2O/CO2-Splitting Solar Thermochemical Cycle Based on Zn/ZnO Redox Reactions. Materials 2010, 3, 4922-4938.

AMA Style

Loutzenhiser PG, Meier A, Steinfeld A. Review of the Two-Step H2O/CO2-Splitting Solar Thermochemical Cycle Based on Zn/ZnO Redox Reactions. Materials. 2010; 3(11):4922-4938.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Loutzenhiser, Peter G.; Meier, Anton; Steinfeld, Aldo. 2010. "Review of the Two-Step H2O/CO2-Splitting Solar Thermochemical Cycle Based on Zn/ZnO Redox Reactions." Materials 3, no. 11: 4922-4938.


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