Materials 2010, 3(1), 165-200; doi:10.3390/ma3010165

Functionalization of Artificial Freestanding Composite Nanomembranes

1 Center of Microelectronic Technologies and Single Crystals (CMTM), Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy (IHTM), University of Belgrade, Njegoševa 12, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia 2 Institute for Sensor and Actuator Systems (ISAS), Faculty of Electrical Engineering & Information Technology, Vienna University of Technology, Gusshausstrasse 27-29/366-MST, A-1040 Vienna, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2009; in revised form: 4 January 2010 / Accepted: 6 January 2010 / Published: 7 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composite Materials)
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Abstract: Artificial nanomembranes may be defined as synthetic freestanding structures with a thickness below 100 nm and a very large aspect ratio, of at least a few orders of magnitude. Being quasi-2D, they exhibit a host of unusual properties useful for various applications in energy harvesting, sensing, optics, plasmonics, biomedicine, etc. We review the main approaches to nanomembrane functionalization through nanocompositing, which ensures performance far superior to that of simple nanomembranes. These approaches include lamination (stacking of nanometer-thin strata of different materials), introduction of nanoparticle fillers into the nanomembrane scaffold, nanomembrane surface sculpting and modification through patterning (including formation of nanohole arrays and introduction of ion channels similar in function to those in biological nanomembranes). We also present some of our original results related to functionalization of metal matrix composite nanomembranes.
Keywords: metal-matrix nano/nano-composites; nanomembranes; nanosystem technologies; gated ion channels; nanoparticle fillers; synthesis; processing; structural and functional properties

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jakšić, Z.; Matovic, J. Functionalization of Artificial Freestanding Composite Nanomembranes. Materials 2010, 3, 165-200.

AMA Style

Jakšić Z, Matovic J. Functionalization of Artificial Freestanding Composite Nanomembranes. Materials. 2010; 3(1):165-200.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jakšić, Zoran; Matovic, Jovan. 2010. "Functionalization of Artificial Freestanding Composite Nanomembranes." Materials 3, no. 1: 165-200.

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