Next Article in Journal
A New Approach for the Modification of Paper Surface Properties Using Polyoxometalates
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of SO2 Dry Deposition on Porous Dolomitic Limestones
Previous Article in Journal
Controllable Layered Structures in Polyoxomolybdate-Surfactant Hybrid Crystals
Previous Article in Special Issue
Improved Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Metal-Matrix Composites Dispersion-Strengthened by Nanoparticles
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2010, 3(1), 165-200; doi:10.3390/ma3010165

Functionalization of Artificial Freestanding Composite Nanomembranes

1
Center of Microelectronic Technologies and Single Crystals (CMTM), Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy (IHTM), University of Belgrade, Njegoševa 12, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Institute for Sensor and Actuator Systems (ISAS), Faculty of Electrical Engineering & Information Technology, Vienna University of Technology, Gusshausstrasse 27-29/366-MST, A-1040 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2009 / Revised: 4 January 2010 / Accepted: 6 January 2010 / Published: 7 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composite Materials)

Abstract

Artificial nanomembranes may be defined as synthetic freestanding structures with a thickness below 100 nm and a very large aspect ratio, of at least a few orders of magnitude. Being quasi-2D, they exhibit a host of unusual properties useful for various applications in energy harvesting, sensing, optics, plasmonics, biomedicine, etc. We review the main approaches to nanomembrane functionalization through nanocompositing, which ensures performance far superior to that of simple nanomembranes. These approaches include lamination (stacking of nanometer-thin strata of different materials), introduction of nanoparticle fillers into the nanomembrane scaffold, nanomembrane surface sculpting and modification through patterning (including formation of nanohole arrays and introduction of ion channels similar in function to those in biological nanomembranes). We also present some of our original results related to functionalization of metal matrix composite nanomembranes.
Keywords: metal-matrix nano/nano-composites; nanomembranes; nanosystem technologies; gated ion channels; nanoparticle fillers; synthesis; processing; structural and functional properties metal-matrix nano/nano-composites; nanomembranes; nanosystem technologies; gated ion channels; nanoparticle fillers; synthesis; processing; structural and functional properties
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jakšić, Z.; Matovic, J. Functionalization of Artificial Freestanding Composite Nanomembranes. Materials 2010, 3, 165-200.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top