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Materials 2009, 2(4), 2404-2428; doi:10.3390/ma2042404

Surface Chemistry in Nanoscale Materials

1
Nanoscale Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, USA
2
Institut für Angewandte und Physikalische Chemie, Universität Bremen, Bremen, Germany
3
Institut für Nanotechnologie, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Karlsruhe, Germany
4
Technische Physik, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2009 / Revised: 5 December 2009 / Accepted: 14 December 2009 / Published: 16 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Porous Materials)
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Abstract

Although surfaces or, more precisely, the surface atomic and electronic structure, determine the way materials interact with their environment, the influence of surface chemistry on the bulk of the material is generally considered to be small. However, in the case of high surface area materials such as nanoporous solids, surface properties can start to dominate the overall material behavior. This allows one to create new materials with physical and chemical properties that are no longer determined by the bulk material, but by their nanoscale architectures. Here, we discuss several examples, ranging from nanoporous gold to surface engineered carbon aerogels that demonstrate the tuneability of nanoporous solids for sustainable energy applications.
Keywords: nanoporous materials; nanoporous Au; carbon aerogel; surface chemistry; surface stress; atomic layer deposition; catalysis; actuation; hydrogen storage nanoporous materials; nanoporous Au; carbon aerogel; surface chemistry; surface stress; atomic layer deposition; catalysis; actuation; hydrogen storage
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Biener, J.; Wittstock, A.; Baumann, T.F.; Weissmüller, J.; Bäumer, M.; Hamza, A.V. Surface Chemistry in Nanoscale Materials. Materials 2009, 2, 2404-2428.

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