Materials 2009, 2(3), 992-1057; doi:10.3390/ma2030992

Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites: A Review

Received: 9 August 2009; in revised form: 19 August 2009 / Accepted: 20 August 2009 / Published: 20 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composite Materials)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This review aims to present recent advances in the synthesis and structure characterization as well as the properties of polymer layered silicate nanocomposites. The advent of polymer layered silicate nanocomposites has revolutionized research into polymer composite materials. Nanocomposites are organic-inorganic hybrid materials in which at least one dimension of the filler is less than 100 nm. A number of synthesis routes have been developed in the recent years to prepare these materials, which include intercalation of polymers or pre-polymers from solution, in-situ polymerization, melt intercalation etc. The nanocomposites where the filler platelets can be dispersed in the polymer at the nanometer scale owing to the specific filler surface modifications, exhibit significant improvement in the composite properties, which include enhanced mechanical strength, gas barrier, thermal stability, flame retardancy etc. Only a small amount of filler is generally required for the enhancement in the properties, which helps the composite materials retain transparency and low density.
Keywords: nanocomposites; layered silicates; exfoliation; intercalation; melt intercalation; in-situ intercalative polymerization; thermal stability; gas barrier; mechanical performance; flame retardancy; crystallinity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mittal, V. Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites: A Review. Materials 2009, 2, 992-1057.

AMA Style

Mittal V. Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites: A Review. Materials. 2009; 2(3):992-1057.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mittal, Vikas. 2009. "Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites: A Review." Materials 2, no. 3: 992-1057.

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