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Materials 2009, 2(3), 992-1057; doi:10.3390/ma2030992

Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites: A Review

Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETHZ Zurich, 8093, Zurich, Switzerland
*
Current Address: BASF SE, Polymer Research, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany.
Received: 9 August 2009 / Revised: 19 August 2009 / Accepted: 20 August 2009 / Published: 20 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composite Materials)

Abstract

This review aims to present recent advances in the synthesis and structure characterization as well as the properties of polymer layered silicate nanocomposites. The advent of polymer layered silicate nanocomposites has revolutionized research into polymer composite materials. Nanocomposites are organic-inorganic hybrid materials in which at least one dimension of the filler is less than 100 nm. A number of synthesis routes have been developed in the recent years to prepare these materials, which include intercalation of polymers or pre-polymers from solution, in-situ polymerization, melt intercalation etc. The nanocomposites where the filler platelets can be dispersed in the polymer at the nanometer scale owing to the specific filler surface modifications, exhibit significant improvement in the composite properties, which include enhanced mechanical strength, gas barrier, thermal stability, flame retardancy etc. Only a small amount of filler is generally required for the enhancement in the properties, which helps the composite materials retain transparency and low density. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocomposites; layered silicates; exfoliation; intercalation; melt intercalation; in-situ intercalative polymerization; thermal stability; gas barrier; mechanical performance; flame retardancy; crystallinity nanocomposites; layered silicates; exfoliation; intercalation; melt intercalation; in-situ intercalative polymerization; thermal stability; gas barrier; mechanical performance; flame retardancy; crystallinity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Mittal, V. Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites: A Review. Materials 2009, 2, 992-1057.

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