Materials 2009, 2(3), 857-868; doi:10.3390/ma2030857
Article

Nitrate-Melt Synthesized HT-LiCoO2 as a Superior Cathode-Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries

1 Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi-630 006, Tamil Nadu, India 2 Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560 012, India
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 June 2009; Accepted: 17 July 2009 / Published: 27 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Technology for the 21st Century - Materials and Devices)
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Abstract: An electrochemically-active high-temperature form of LiCoO2 (HT-LiCoO2)is prepared by thermally decomposing its constituent metal-nitrates at 700 ºC. The synthetic conditions have been optimized to achieve improved performance with the HT-LiCoO2cathode in Li-ion batteries. For this purpose, the synthesized materials have been characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling. Cathodes comprising HT-LiCoO2 exhibit a specific capacity of 140 mAhg-1 with good capacity-retention over several charge-discharge cycles in the voltage range between 3.5 V and 4.2 V, and can sustain improved rate capability in contrast to a cathode constituting LiCoO2 prepared by conventional ceramic method. The nitrate-melt-decomposition method is also found effective for synthesizing Mg-/Al- doped HT-LiCoO2; these also are investigated as cathode materials for Li-ion batteries.
Keywords: LiCoO2; synthesis; nitrate decomposition; Li-ion batteries

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sathiya, M.; Prakash, A.S.; Ramesha, K.; Shukla, A.K. Nitrate-Melt Synthesized HT-LiCoO2 as a Superior Cathode-Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Materials 2009, 2, 857-868.

AMA Style

Sathiya M, Prakash AS, Ramesha K, Shukla AK. Nitrate-Melt Synthesized HT-LiCoO2 as a Superior Cathode-Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Materials. 2009; 2(3):857-868.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sathiya, Mariyappan; Prakash, Annigere S.; Ramesha, Kannadka; Shukla, Ashok K. 2009. "Nitrate-Melt Synthesized HT-LiCoO2 as a Superior Cathode-Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries." Materials 2, no. 3: 857-868.

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