Materials 2009, 2(2), 499-513; doi:10.3390/ma2020499
Article

Focal Conic Stacking in Smectic A Liquid Crystals: Smectic Flower and Apollonius Tiling

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Received: 3 February 2009; in revised form: 16 April 2009 / Accepted: 20 April 2009 / Published: 22 April 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Crystals)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: We investigate two different textures of smectic A liquid crystals. These textures are particularly symmetric when they are observed at crossed polars optical microscopy. For both textures, a model has been made in order to examine the link between the defective macroscopic texture and the microscopic disposition of the layers. We present in particular in the case of some hexagonal tiling of circles (similar to the Apollonius tiling) some numeric simulation in order to visualize the smectic layers. We discuss of the nature of the smectic layers, which permit to assure their continuity from one focal conic domain to another adjacent one.
Keywords: Defects; Focal conic domains; Liquid crystals; Smectic A; Apollonius tiling; Dupin cyclides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meyer, C.; Le Cunff, L.; Belloul, M.; Foyart, G. Focal Conic Stacking in Smectic A Liquid Crystals: Smectic Flower and Apollonius Tiling. Materials 2009, 2, 499-513.

AMA Style

Meyer C, Le Cunff L, Belloul M, Foyart G. Focal Conic Stacking in Smectic A Liquid Crystals: Smectic Flower and Apollonius Tiling. Materials. 2009; 2(2):499-513.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meyer, Claire; Le Cunff, Loic; Belloul, Malika; Foyart, Guillaume. 2009. "Focal Conic Stacking in Smectic A Liquid Crystals: Smectic Flower and Apollonius Tiling." Materials 2, no. 2: 499-513.

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