Protective Carbon Overlayers from 2,3-Naphthalenediol Pyrolysis on Mesoporous SiO2 and Al2O3 Analyzed by Solid-State NMR
AbstractHydrothermally stable carbon overlayers can protect mesoporous oxides (SiO2 and Al2O3) from hydrolysis during aqueous-phase catalysis. Overlayers made at 800 °C by pyrolysis of 2,3-naphthalenediol deposited out of acetone solution were analyzed by solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Power absorption due to sample conductivity was prevented by diluting the sample in nonconductive and background-free tricalcium phosphate. While pyrolysis on SiO2 produced a predominantly aromatic carbon film, at least 15% of nonaromatic carbon (sp3-hybridized C as well as C=O) was observed on γ-Al2O3. These species were not derived from residual solvent, according to spectra of the same material treated at 400 °C. The sp3-hybridized C exhibited weak couplings to hydrogen, short spin-lattice relaxation times, and unusually large shift anisotropies, which are characteristics of tetrahedral carbon with high concentrations of unpaired electrons. Moderate heat treatment at 400 °C on SiO2 and Al2O3 resulted in yellow-brown and nearly black samples, respectively, but the darker color on Al2O3 did not correspond to more extensive carbonization. Aromatic carbon bonded to hydrogen remained predominant and the peaks of naphthalenediol were still recognizable; however, some of the chemical shifts differed by up to 5 ppm, indicating significant differences in local structure. On SiO2, additional sharp peaks were detected and attributed to 1/3 of the 2,3-naphthalene molecules undergoing fast, nearly isotropic motions. View Full-Text
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Duan, P.; Cao, X.; Pham, H.; Datye, A.; Schmidt-Rohr, K. Protective Carbon Overlayers from 2,3-Naphthalenediol Pyrolysis on Mesoporous SiO2 and Al2O3 Analyzed by Solid-State NMR. Materials 2018, 11, 980.
Duan P, Cao X, Pham H, Datye A, Schmidt-Rohr K. Protective Carbon Overlayers from 2,3-Naphthalenediol Pyrolysis on Mesoporous SiO2 and Al2O3 Analyzed by Solid-State NMR. Materials. 2018; 11(6):980.Chicago/Turabian Style
Duan, Pu; Cao, Xiaoyan; Pham, Hien; Datye, Abhaya; Schmidt-Rohr, Klaus. 2018. "Protective Carbon Overlayers from 2,3-Naphthalenediol Pyrolysis on Mesoporous SiO2 and Al2O3 Analyzed by Solid-State NMR." Materials 11, no. 6: 980.
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