Next Article in Journal
Weld Magnification Factor Approach in Cruciform Joints Considering Post Welding Cooling Medium and Weld Size
Previous Article in Journal
Insulin Inclusion into a Tragacanth Hydrogel: An Oral Delivery System for Insulin
Previous Article in Special Issue
Amidoxime Polymers for Uranium Adsorption: Influence of Comonomers and Temperature
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2018, 11(1), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11010074

Inorganic Membranes: Preparation and Application for Water Treatment and Desalination

1
Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation, Doha 5825, Qatar
2
College of Science and Engineering, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation, Doha 5825, Qatar
3
Department of Separation and Conversion Technology, VITO (Flemish Institute of Technological Research), Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 July 2017 / Revised: 3 August 2017 / Accepted: 3 August 2017 / Published: 5 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sorption Materials for Environment Purification)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7399 KB, uploaded 9 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

Inorganic membrane science and technology is an attractive field of membrane separation technology, which has been dominated by polymer membranes. Recently, the inorganic membrane has been undergoing rapid development and innovation. Inorganic membranes have the advantage of resisting harsh chemical cleaning, high temperature and wear resistance, high chemical stability, long lifetime, and autoclavable. All of these outstanding properties made inorganic membranes good candidates to be used for water treatment and desalination applications. This paper is a state of the art review on the synthesis, development, and application of different inorganic membranes for water and wastewater treatment. The inorganic membranes reviewed in this paper include liquid membranes, dynamic membranes, various ceramic membranes, carbon based membranes, silica membranes, and zeolite membranes. A brief description of the different synthesis routes for the development of inorganic membranes for application in water industry is given and each synthesis rout is critically reviewed and compared. Thereafter, the recent studies on different application of inorganic membrane and their properties for water treatment and desalination in literature are critically summarized. It was reported that inorganic membranes despite their high synthesis cost, showed very promising results with high flux, full salt rejection, and very low or no fouling. View Full-Text
Keywords: inorganic membrane; ceramic; water; wastewater; zeolite; silica; hybrid membrane; mixed matrix inorganic membrane; ceramic; water; wastewater; zeolite; silica; hybrid membrane; mixed matrix
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kayvani Fard, A.; McKay, G.; Buekenhoudt, A.; Al Sulaiti, H.; Motmans, F.; Khraisheh, M.; Atieh, M. Inorganic Membranes: Preparation and Application for Water Treatment and Desalination. Materials 2018, 11, 74.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top