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Materials 2017, 10(8), 861; doi:10.3390/ma10080861

Relationship between Microstructure and Corrosion Behavior of Martensitic High Nitrogen Stainless Steel 30Cr15Mo1N at Different Austenitizing Temperatures

1
School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2017 / Revised: 20 July 2017 / Accepted: 25 July 2017 / Published: 27 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)

Abstract

The relationship between microstructure and corrosion behavior of martensitic high nitrogen stainless steel 30Cr15Mo1N at different austenitizing temperatures was investigated by microscopy observation, electrochemical measurement, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis and immersion testing. The results indicated that finer Cr-rich M2N dispersed more homogeneously than coarse M23C6, and the fractions of M23C6 and M2N both decreased with increasing austenitizing temperature. The Cr-depleted zone around M23C6 was wider and its minimum Cr concentration was lower than M2N. The metastable pits initiated preferentially around coarse M23C6 which induced severer Cr-depletion, and the pit growth followed the power law. The increasing of austenitizing temperature induced fewer metastable pit initiation sites, more uniform element distribution and higher contents of Cr, Mo and N in the matrix. In addition, the passive film thickened and Cr2O3, Cr3+ and CrN enriched with increasing austenitizing temperature, which enhanced the stability of the passive film and repassivation ability of pits. Therefore, as austenitizing temperature increased, the metastable and stable pitting potentials increased and pit growth rate decreased, revealing less susceptible metastable pit initiation, larger repassivation tendency and higher corrosion resistance. The determining factor of pitting potentials could be divided into three stages: dissolution of M23C6 (below 1000 °C), dissolution of M2N (from 1000 to 1050 °C) and existence of a few undissolved precipitates and non-metallic inclusions (above 1050 °C). View Full-Text
Keywords: martensitic high nitrogen stainless steel; austenitizing temperature; microstructure; pit initiation; passive film; pit growth martensitic high nitrogen stainless steel; austenitizing temperature; microstructure; pit initiation; passive film; pit growth
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Jiang, Z.; Feng, H.; Li, H.; Zhu, H.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, B.; Han, Y.; Zhang, T.; Xu, D. Relationship between Microstructure and Corrosion Behavior of Martensitic High Nitrogen Stainless Steel 30Cr15Mo1N at Different Austenitizing Temperatures. Materials 2017, 10, 861.

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