Next Article in Journal
Investigation of a Coupled Arrhenius-Type/Rossard Equation of AH36 Material
Next Article in Special Issue
Vibrational Spectroscopy in Studies of Atmospheric Corrosion
Previous Article in Journal
Investigation on Indentation Cracking-Based Approaches for Residual Stress Evaluation
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Results of 45 Years of Atmospheric Corrosion Study in the Czech Republic
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2017, 10(4), 406; doi:10.3390/ma10040406

Marine Atmospheric Corrosion of Carbon Steel: A Review

National Centre for Metallurgical Research (CENIM/CSIC), Avda. Gregorio del Amo n° 8, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yong-Cheng Lin
Received: 9 March 2017 / Revised: 4 April 2017 / Accepted: 7 April 2017 / Published: 13 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fundamental and Research Frontier of Atmospheric Corrosion)

Abstract

The atmospheric corrosion of carbon steel is an extensive topic that has been studied over the years by many researchers. However, until relatively recently, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the action of marine chlorides. Corrosion in coastal regions is a particularly relevant issue due the latter’s great importance to human society. About half of the world’s population lives in coastal regions and the industrialisation of developing countries tends to concentrate production plants close to the sea. Until the start of the 21st century, research on the basic mechanisms of rust formation in Cl-rich atmospheres was limited to just a small number of studies. However, in recent years, scientific understanding of marine atmospheric corrosion has advanced greatly, and in the authors’ opinion a sufficient body of knowledge has been built up in published scientific papers to warrant an up-to-date review of the current state-of-the-art and to assess what issues still need to be addressed. That is the purpose of the present review. After a preliminary section devoted to basic concepts on atmospheric corrosion, the marine atmosphere, and experimentation on marine atmospheric corrosion, the paper addresses key aspects such as the most significant corrosion products, the characteristics of the rust layers formed, and the mechanisms of steel corrosion in marine atmospheres. Special attention is then paid to important matters such as coastal-industrial atmospheres and long-term behaviour of carbon steel exposed to marine atmospheres. The work ends with a section dedicated to issues pending, noting a series of questions in relation with which greater research efforts would seem to be necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: atmospheric corrosion; marine environment; carbon steel atmospheric corrosion; marine environment; carbon steel
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Alcántara, J.; Fuente, D.; Chico, B.; Simancas, J.; Díaz, I.; Morcillo, M. Marine Atmospheric Corrosion of Carbon Steel: A Review. Materials 2017, 10, 406.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top