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Materials 2017, 10(2), 156; doi:10.3390/ma10020156

Chemical and Morphological Characterization of Magnetron Sputtered at Different Bias Voltages Cr-Al-C Coatings

1
Chair of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Technology, Brandenburg Technical University, Cottbus 03046, Germany
2
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
3
Department of Material Science, Welding and Strength of Material, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wrocław 50370, Poland
4
Chair of Experimental Physics II/Materials Science, Brandenburg Technical University, Cottbus 03046, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 December 2016 / Accepted: 3 February 2017 / Published: 10 February 2017
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Abstract

MAX phases (M = transition metal, A = A-group element, and X = C/N) are of special interest because they possess a unique combination of the advantages of both metals and ceramics. Most attention is attracted to the ternary carbide Cr2AlC because of its excellent high-temperature oxidation, as well as hot corrosion resistance. Despite lots of publications, up to now the influence of bias voltage on the chemical bonding structure, surface morphology, and mechanical properties of the film is still not well understood. In the current study, Cr-Al-C films were deposited on silicon wafers (100) and Inconel 718 super alloy by dc magnetron sputtering with different substrate bias voltages and investigated using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), and nanoindentation. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) was used to analyze the correlation between the growth of the films and the coating microstructure. The XPS results confirm the presence of Cr2AlC MAX phase due to a negative shift of 0.6–0.9 eV of the Al2p to pure aluminum carbide peak. The XRD results reveal the presence of Cr2AlC MAX Phase and carbide phases, as well as intermetallic AlCr2. The film thickness decreases from 8.95 to 6.98 µm with increasing bias voltage. The coatings deposited at 90 V exhibit the lowest roughness (33 nm) and granular size (76 nm) combined with the highest hardness (15.9 GPa). The ratio of Al carbide to carbide-like carbon state changes from 0.12 to 0.22 and correlates with the mechanical properties of the coatings. TEM confirms the columnar structure, with a nanocrystalline substructure, of the films. View Full-Text
Keywords: XPS; AFM; MAX phase; TEM; chemical bonding; surface morpholog XPS; AFM; MAX phase; TEM; chemical bonding; surface morpholog
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MDPI and ACS Style

Obrosov, A.; Gulyaev, R.; Zak, A.; Ratzke, M.; Naveed, M.; Dudzinski, W.; Weiß, S. Chemical and Morphological Characterization of Magnetron Sputtered at Different Bias Voltages Cr-Al-C Coatings. Materials 2017, 10, 156.

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