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Materials 2017, 10(12), 1447; doi:10.3390/ma10121447

An Easy-Made, Economical and Efficient Carbon-Doped Amorphous TiO2 Photocatalyst Obtained by Microwave Assisted Synthesis for the Degradation of Rhodamine B

1
Facultad de Ingeniería Química-BUAP, Avenida San Claudio, Ciudad Universitaria, Puebla 72570, Mexico
2
Centro de Investigación en Dispositivos Semiconductores, Instituto de Ciencias BUAP, 14 sur y Avenida San Claudio, Ciudad Universitaria, A.P. 196, Puebla 72000, Mexico
3
Centro Universitario de Vinculación y Transferencia de Tecnología OTC-BUAP, Prolongación de la 24 Sur y Avenida San Claudio, Ciudad Universitaria, Puebla 72570, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 October 2017 / Revised: 1 December 2017 / Accepted: 11 December 2017 / Published: 20 December 2017
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Abstract

The search for novel materials and the development of improved processes for water purification have attracted the interest of researchers worldwide and the use of titanium dioxide in photocatalytic processes for the degradation of organic pollutants contained in water has been one of the benchmarks. Compared to crystalline titanium dioxide (cTiO2), the amorphous material has the advantages of having a higher adsorption capacity and being easier to dope with metal and non-metal elements. In this work, we take advantage of these two features to improve its photocatalytic properties in the degradation of Rhodamine B. The structural characterization by XRD analysis gives evidence of its amorphous nature and the SEM micrographs portray the disc morphology of 300 nm in diameter with heterogeneous grain boundaries. The degradation of Rhodamine B tests with the amorphous TiO2 using visible light confirm its improved catalytic activity compared to that of a commercial product, Degussa P25, which is a well-known crystalline material. View Full-Text
Keywords: amorphous titanium oxide; microwave assisted synthesis; Triple-E photocatalyst amorphous titanium oxide; microwave assisted synthesis; Triple-E photocatalyst
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Luna-Flores, A.; Sosa-Sánchez, J.L.; Morales-Sánchez, M.A.; Agustín-Serrano, R.; Luna-López, J.A. An Easy-Made, Economical and Efficient Carbon-Doped Amorphous TiO2 Photocatalyst Obtained by Microwave Assisted Synthesis for the Degradation of Rhodamine B. Materials 2017, 10, 1447.

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