Next Article in Journal
A First-Principle Theoretical Study of Mechanical and Electronic Properties in Graphene Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Junctions
Next Article in Special Issue
Ultra-Fast Microwave Synthesis of ZnO Nanorods on Cellulose Substrates for UV Sensor Applications
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of KMnO4 Concentrationon Infrared Emissivity of Coatings Formed on TC4 Alloys by Micro-Arc Oxidation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Nanostructured ZnO in a Metglas/ZnO/Hemoglobin Modified Electrode to Detect the Oxidation of the Hemoglobin Simultaneously by Cyclic Voltammetry and Magnetoelastic Resonance
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2017, 10(11), 1304; doi:10.3390/ma10111304

Three-Dimensional ZnO Hierarchical Nanostructures: Solution Phase Synthesis and Applications

1
College of Science, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, China
2
Nanomaterials Research Group, Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
3
Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2017 / Revised: 5 November 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 13 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zinc Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis and Characterization)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6700 KB, uploaded 14 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures have been studied extensively in the past 20 years due to their novel electronic, photonic, mechanical and electrochemical properties. Recently, more attention has been paid to assemble nanoscale building blocks into three-dimensional (3D) complex hierarchical structures, which not only inherit the excellent properties of the single building blocks but also provide potential applications in the bottom-up fabrication of functional devices. This review article focuses on 3D ZnO hierarchical nanostructures, and summarizes major advances in the solution phase synthesis, applications in environment, and electrical/electrochemical devices. We present the principles and growth mechanisms of ZnO nanostructures via different solution methods, with an emphasis on rational control of the morphology and assembly. We then discuss the applications of 3D ZnO hierarchical nanostructures in photocatalysis, field emission, electrochemical sensor, and lithium ion batteries. Throughout the discussion, the relationship between the device performance and the microstructures of 3D ZnO hierarchical nanostructures will be highlighted. This review concludes with a personal perspective on the current challenges and future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: zinc oxide; hierarchical nanostructures; solution phase synthesis; photocatalysis; field emission; sensor; lithium ion batteries zinc oxide; hierarchical nanostructures; solution phase synthesis; photocatalysis; field emission; sensor; lithium ion batteries
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Ahmad, M.; Sun, H. Three-Dimensional ZnO Hierarchical Nanostructures: Solution Phase Synthesis and Applications. Materials 2017, 10, 1304.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top