Chemically Modified Polyvinyl Chloride for Removal of Thionine Dye (Lauth’s Violet)
AbstractThe chemical modification of hydrophobic polymer matrices is an alternative way to elchange their surface properties. The introduction of sulfonic groups in the polymer changes the surface properties such as adhesion, wettability, catalytic ability, and adsorption capacity. This work describes the production and application of chemically modified polyvinyl chloride (PVC) as adsorbent for dyes removal. Chemical modification of PVC was evaluated by infrared spectroscopy and elemental analysis, which indicated the presence of sulfonic groups on PVC. The chemically modified PVC (PVCDS) showed an ion exchange capacity of 1.03 mmol−1, and efficiently removed the thionine dye (Lauth’s violet) from aqueous solutions, reaching equilibrium in 30 min. The adsorption kinetics was better adjusted for a pseudo second order model. This result indicates that the adsorption of thionine onto PVCDS occurs by chemisorption. Among the models for the state of equilibrium, SIPS and Langmuir exhibited the best fit to the experimental results and PVCDS showed high adsorption capacities (370 mg−1). Thus, it is assumed that the system presents homogeneous characteristics to the distribution of active sites. The modification promoted the formation of surface characteristics favorable to the dye adsorption by the polymer. View Full-Text
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Ali, H.M.A.M.M.S.; Silva, C.V.; Royer, B.; Rodrigues Filho, G.; Cerqueira, D.A.; Assunção, R.M.N. Chemically Modified Polyvinyl Chloride for Removal of Thionine Dye (Lauth’s Violet). Materials 2017, 10, 1298.
Ali HMAMMS, Silva CV, Royer B, Rodrigues Filho G, Cerqueira DA, Assunção RMN. Chemically Modified Polyvinyl Chloride for Removal of Thionine Dye (Lauth’s Violet). Materials. 2017; 10(11):1298.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ali, Helena M.A.M.M.S.; Silva, Cleuzilene V.; Royer, Betina; Rodrigues Filho, Guimes; Cerqueira, Daniel A.; Assunção, Rosana M.N. 2017. "Chemically Modified Polyvinyl Chloride for Removal of Thionine Dye (Lauth’s Violet)." Materials 10, no. 11: 1298.
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