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Materials 2017, 10(10), 1133; doi:10.3390/ma10101133

A New Ion-Imprinted Chitosan-Based Membrane with an Azo-Derivative Ligand for the Efficient Removal of Pd(II)

Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, via per Monteroni Km 1, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 21 September 2017 / Published: 26 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hard and Soft Hybrid Functional Materials)
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Abstract

Herein, we described the synthesis of a novel ion-imprinted membrane for the detection of palladium(II) prepared through the glutaraldehyde crosslinking of chitosan with a 4-[(4-Hydroxy)phenylazo]benzenesulfonic acid ligand trapped into the membrane. The imprinting technology was used to improve adsorption capacity and adsorption selectivity, and was combined with some advantages of the developed membrane, such as low cost and ease of preparation, water-friendly synthesis, and high biocompatible chitosan material. The membranes were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDS). The results obtained showed a high swelling ratio with a maximum value of 16.4 (1640%) at pH 4 with a strong pH dependence. Batch rebinding experiments gave a maximum adsorption capacity of 101.6 mg of Pd(II) per gram of imprinted membrane. The Pd(II) adsorption behavior was well-described by a Langmuir model with a theoretical maximum adsorption capacity of 93.48 mg g−1, similar to the experimental one. Finally, a selectivity study versus Ag(I), Pb(II), and Fe(III) ions demonstrated a good selectivity of chitosan-imprinted membrane towards Pd(II). View Full-Text
Keywords: palladium; chitosan; azobenzene; ion imprinted polymer membrane; adsorption palladium; chitosan; azobenzene; ion imprinted polymer membrane; adsorption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Di Bello, M.P.; Lazzoi, M.R.; Mele, G.; Scorrano, S.; Mergola, L.; Del Sole, R. A New Ion-Imprinted Chitosan-Based Membrane with an Azo-Derivative Ligand for the Efficient Removal of Pd(II). Materials 2017, 10, 1133.

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