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Materials 2017, 10(1), 13; doi:10.3390/ma10010013

Numerical Simulation on Seismic Response of the Filled Joint under High Amplitude Stress Waves Using Finite-Discrete Element Method (FDEM)

1
Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
2
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A4, Canada
3
College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sinisa Mesarovic
Received: 31 October 2016 / Revised: 16 December 2016 / Accepted: 18 December 2016 / Published: 27 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Granular Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5978 KB, uploaded 27 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper numerically investigates the seismic response of the filled joint under high amplitude stress waves using the combined finite-discrete element method (FDEM). A thin layer of independent polygonal particles are used to simulate the joint fillings. Each particle is meshed using the Delaunay triangulation scheme and can be crushed when the load exceeds its strength. The propagation of the 1D longitude wave through a single filled joint is studied, considering the influences of the joint thickness and the characteristics of the incident wave, such as the amplitude and frequency. The results show that the filled particles under high amplitude stress waves mainly experience three deformation stages: (i) initial compaction stage; (ii) crushing stage; and (iii) crushing and compaction stage. In the initial compaction stage and crushing and compaction stage, compaction dominates the mechanical behavior of the joint, and the particle area distribution curve varies little. In these stages, the transmission coefficient increases with the increase of the amplitude, i.e., peak particle velocity (PPV), of the incident wave. On the other hand, in the crushing stage, particle crushing plays the dominant role. The particle size distribution curve changes abruptly with the PPV due to the fragments created by the crushing process. This process consumes part of wave energy and reduces the stiffness of the filled joint. The transmission coefficient decreases with increasing PPV in this stage because of the increased amount of energy consumed by crushing. Moreover, with the increase of the frequency of the incident wave, the transmission coefficient decreases and fewer particles can be crushed. Under the same incident wave, the transmission coefficient decreases when the filled thickness increases and the filled particles become more difficult to be crushed. View Full-Text
Keywords: high amplitude stress wave; filled joint; amplitude attenuation; particle crushing; grain size reduction; FDEM high amplitude stress wave; filled joint; amplitude attenuation; particle crushing; grain size reduction; FDEM
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, X.; Zhao, Q.; Qi, S.; Xia, K.; Grasselli, G.; Chen, X. Numerical Simulation on Seismic Response of the Filled Joint under High Amplitude Stress Waves Using Finite-Discrete Element Method (FDEM). Materials 2017, 10, 13.

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