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Energies 2016, 9(9), 688; doi:10.3390/en9090688

Determination of Maximum Wind Power Penetration in an Isolated Island System by Considering Spinning Reserve

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Tatung University, Section 3, Zhongshan North Road, Zhongshan District, Taipei 10452, Taiwan
2
Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Atomic Energy Council, Wenhua Road, Longtan District, Taoyuan 32546, Taiwan
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chung Cheng University, Section 1, Minxiong Township, University Road, Chia-yi 62102, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Simon Watson
Received: 29 May 2016 / Revised: 8 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 29 August 2016
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Abstract

The abundant wind resources in the Penghu area, where the capacity factor of wind turbines can reach 45%, have inspired authorities to build more wind turbines in a diesel-based power system. However, because the wind turbine output is unstable, high wind power penetration in the system may relatively affect the power quality (voltage and frequency) and reliability of the system. Previous studies have suggested that the optimal penetration level for wind power generation under the present dispatching criteria in Penghu is 26.3%. The present study suggests that the criteria for current unit scheduling should be modified; in particular, the spinning reserve (SR) capacity of the diesel engines should be increased without affecting the reliability and power quality of the power system. Such an increase could help avoid the construction of high-cost energy storage systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind power penetration; dispatching criteria; spinning reserve (SR); reliability and power quality wind power penetration; dispatching criteria; spinning reserve (SR); reliability and power quality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chang, C.-A.; Wu, Y.-K.; Chen, B.-K. Determination of Maximum Wind Power Penetration in an Isolated Island System by Considering Spinning Reserve. Energies 2016, 9, 688.

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