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Energies 2016, 9(6), 468; doi:10.3390/en9060468

Climate Resilient Low-Income Tropical Housing

1
Centre for Sustainable Development, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK
2
School of Environment and Technology, University of Brighton, Brighton BN2 4GJ, UK
Academic Editors: Vincenzo Dovì and Antonella Battaglini
Received: 25 April 2016 / Revised: 8 June 2016 / Accepted: 9 June 2016 / Published: 17 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Policy and Climate Change 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9840 KB, uploaded 17 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Located in East Africa, Uganda is one of the most economically deprived countries that is likely to be dramatically affected by climate change. Over 50% of Ugandan families live in single-roomed overcrowded properties and over 60% of the country’s urban population live in slums. Moreover, the gradual shift towards relatively modern and low thermal resistance building materials, in addition to imminent thermal discomfort due to global warming, may considerably affect the health and wellbeing of low-income people, the majority of whom live in low quality homes with very little or no access to basic amenities. This paper evaluates the effects of various construction methods as well as refurbishment strategies on thermal comfort in low-income houses in Uganda. It is aimed at helping low-income populations adapt to climate changes by developing simple, effective and affordable refurbishment strategies that could easily be applied to existing buildings. Dynamic thermal simulations are conducted in EnergyPlus. The adaptive model defined in BS EN 15251 and CIBSE TM52 is used to evaluate the risk and extent of thermal discomfort. Roofing methods/materials are found to be the key factor in reducing/increasing the risk of overheating. According to the results, roof insulation, painting the roof with low solar absorptance materials and inclusion of false ceilings are, respectively, the most effective and practical refurbishment strategies in terms of improving thermal comfort in low-income houses in Uganda. All refurbishment strategies helped to pass Criterion 3 of CIBSE TM52, as an indicator of “future climate scenarios”, making low-income houses/populations more climate resilient. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal comfort; climate change; resilience; refurbishment; low-income; tropical; housing; Uganda; Africa thermal comfort; climate change; resilience; refurbishment; low-income; tropical; housing; Uganda; Africa
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hashemi, A. Climate Resilient Low-Income Tropical Housing. Energies 2016, 9, 468.

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