Next Article in Journal
Nanostructured p-Type Semiconductor Electrodes and Photoelectrochemistry of Their Reduction Processes
Previous Article in Journal
Black Start Strategy for PV-ESS Multi-Microgrids with Three-Phase/Single-Phase Architecture
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2016, 9(5), 374; doi:10.3390/en9050374

Chemical Analysis of Different Parts of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Using Ultimate, Proximate and Thermo-Gravimetric Techniques for Energy Production

1
Plant Production Department, Food and Agricultural Sciences College, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
2
Forestry and Wood Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture (El-Shatby), Alexandria University, Alexandria 2154, Egypt
3
Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
4
College of Science, Dammam University, Dammam 31433, Saudi Arabia
5
Research Center, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shusheng Pang
Received: 16 March 2016 / Revised: 17 April 2016 / Accepted: 6 May 2016 / Published: 16 May 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [651 KB, uploaded 16 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

The objective of the study was to analyze chemical structure of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by employing ultimate, proximate and thermo-gravimetric techniques. Samples from different anatomical parts of date palm, namely trunk, frond base, frond midrib, leaflets, coir, fruit stem, date stone, and fruit empty bunches were considered for the experiments. Based on the findings in this work palm leaflet samples gave the highest amount of extractives content (32.9%), followed by date palm stone specimens with 31.5%. Cellulose content values of 32.8% and 47.5% were obtained for date palm stone and palm coir samples, respectively. Overall the hemicellulose contents of all samples were relatively similar to those of typical wood or non-wood lignocellulosic materials with the two exceptions of palm coir and palm leaflets. Both palm coir and palm leaflet specimens had 12.6% and 16.1% hemicellulose content. Volatile matter values of 74.3% and 87.5% were determined for leaflets and fruit empty bunch samples. The ash content of the samples ranged from 1.4% for date stone to 15.2% for palm leaflet samples. The thermal decomposition was completed below a temperature of 500 °C with an exception of those samples taken from palm leaflets. Taken together the data indicate that date palm stone and palm coir revealed could be more viable for renewable energy production than the other specimens considered in this work. View Full-Text
Keywords: date palm; ultamiate analysis; proximate analysis; energy; thermo-gravimatric analysis date palm; ultamiate analysis; proximate analysis; energy; thermo-gravimatric analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nasser, R.A.; Salem, M.Z.M.; Hiziroglu, S.; Al-Mefarrej, H.A.; Mohareb, A.S.; Alam, M.; Aref, I.M. Chemical Analysis of Different Parts of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Using Ultimate, Proximate and Thermo-Gravimetric Techniques for Energy Production. Energies 2016, 9, 374.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top