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Energies 2016, 9(4), 244; doi:10.3390/en9040244

The Performance of Surfactant-Polymer Flooding in Horizontal Wells Consisting of Multilayers in a Reservoir System

Department of Energy Resources Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Moran Wang
Received: 17 February 2016 / Revised: 12 March 2016 / Accepted: 22 March 2016 / Published: 26 March 2016
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Abstract

Surfactant-polymer (SP) flooding has been demonstrated to be an effective method to recover oil in the enhanced oil recovery (EOR) stage when water flooding is no longer relevant. Theoretically, adding surfactant causes the reduction of the interfacial tension between oil and water in pores, therefore reducing the residual oil saturation, whereas the sweep efficiency will be significantly improved by the polymer injection as a result of proper mobility control. With regard to the well patterns, water flooding has demonstrated a high productivity in horizontal wells. Recently, other EOR processes have been increasingly applied to the horizontal wells in various well patterns. In this study, the efficiency of SP flooding applied to horizontal wells in various well configurations is investigated in order to select the best EOR performance in terms of either a technical or economical point of view. Furthermore, the reservoir is assumed to be anisotropic with four different layers that have same porosity but different permeability between each layer. The study figures out that, the utilization of a horizontal injector and producer always gives a higher oil production in comparison with the reference case of a conventional vertical injector and producer; however, the best EOR performances that demonstrate the higher oil recovery and lower fluid injected volume than those of the reference case are achieved when the production well is located in bottom layers and parallel with the injection well at a distance. While the location of producer decides oil productivity, the location of injector yet affects the uniformity of fluids propagation in the reservoir. A predefined feasibility factor is also taken into consideration in order to reject the infeasible cases that might give a high oil production but require a higher injected volume than the reference case. This factor is used as an economic parameter to evaluate the success of the EOR performance. The simulation is carried out in a quarter five-spot pattern reservoir with the support of the Computer Modeling Group (CMG) simulator. Understanding the predominant EOR performance of SP flooding in horizontal wells will help to select the best plan to obtain the highest oil recovery when considering economic issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: surfactant-polymer flooding; horizontal well; multilayer; chemical flooding; enhanced oil recovery surfactant-polymer flooding; horizontal well; multilayer; chemical flooding; enhanced oil recovery
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Le Van, S.; Chon, B.H. The Performance of Surfactant-Polymer Flooding in Horizontal Wells Consisting of Multilayers in a Reservoir System. Energies 2016, 9, 244.

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