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Energies 2016, 9(3), 222; doi:10.3390/en9030222

Evaluation of Gas Production from Marine Hydrate Deposits at the GMGS2-Site 8, Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea

1,2,3
,
1,2,3,4
,
1,2,3,* , 1,2,3
and
1,2,3
1
Key Laboratory of Gas Hydrate, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
2
Guangzhou Center for Gas Hydrate Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
3
Guangdong Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development, Guangzhou 510640, China
4
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard Coffin
Received: 22 November 2015 / Revised: 18 January 2016 / Accepted: 23 February 2016 / Published: 21 March 2016

Abstract

Natural gas hydrate accumulations were confirmed in the Dongsha Area of the South China Sea by the Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey 2 (GMGS2) scientific drilling expedition in 2013. The drilling sites of GMGS2-01, -04, -05, -07, -08, -09, -11, -12, and -16 verified the existence of a hydrate-bearing layer. In this work gas production behavior was evaluated at GMGS2-8 by numerical simulation. The hydrate reservoir in the GMGS2-8 was characterized by dual hydrate layers and a massive hydrate layer. A single vertical well was considered as the well configuration, and depressurization was employed as the dissociation method. Analyses of gas production sensitivity to the production pressure, the thermal conductivity, and the intrinsic permeability were investigated as well. Simulation results indicated that the total gas production from the reference case is approximately 7.3 × 107 ST m3 in 30 years. The average gas production rate in 30 years is 6.7 × 103 ST m3/day, which is much higher than the previous study in the Shenhu Area of the South China Sea performed by the GMGS-1. Moreover, the maximum gas production rate (9.5 × 103 ST m3/day) has the same order of magnitude of the first offshore methane hydrate production test in the Nankai Trough. When production pressure decreases from 4.5 to 3.4 MPa, the volume of gas production increases by 20.5%, and when production pressure decreases from 3.4 to 2.3 MPa, the volume of gas production increases by 13.6%. Production behaviors are not sensitive to the thermal conductivity. In the initial 10 years, the higher permeability leads to a larger rate of gas production, however, the final volume of gas production in the case with the lowest permeability is the highest. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural gas hydrate; Guangzhou marine geological survey 2 (GMGS2); Pearl River Mouth Basin; massive hydrate layer; dual hydrate layer; depressurization natural gas hydrate; Guangzhou marine geological survey 2 (GMGS2); Pearl River Mouth Basin; massive hydrate layer; dual hydrate layer; depressurization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Feng, J.-C.; Li, X.-S.; Zhang, Y.; Li, G. Evaluation of Gas Production from Marine Hydrate Deposits at the GMGS2-Site 8, Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea. Energies 2016, 9, 222.

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