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Energies 2016, 9(3), 214; doi:10.3390/en9030214

Application of Breathing Architectural Members to the Natural Ventilation of a Passive Solar House

1
Department of Building Systems Engineering, Dong-Eui University, Busan 47340, Korea
2
Department of Architecture, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jihong Wang
Received: 5 November 2015 / Revised: 6 March 2016 / Accepted: 8 March 2016 / Published: 17 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Efficient Actuators and Systems)
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Abstract

The efficient operation of a passive solar house requires an efficient ventilation system to prevent the loss of energy and provide the required ventilation rates. This paper proposes the use of “breathing architectural members” (BAMs) as passive natural ventilation devices to achieve much improved ventilation and insulation performance compared to mechanical ventilation. Considering the importance of evaluating the ventilation and insulation performances of the members, we also propose numerical models for predicting the heat and air movements afforded by the members. The numerical model was validated by comparison with experimental results. The effectiveness of the BAMs was also verified by installation in houses located in an area with warm climate. For this purpose, chamber experiments were performed using samples of the BAMs, as well as numerical simulations to assess natural ventilation and heat load. The main findings of the study are as follows: (1) the one-dimensional chamber experiments confirmed the validity of the numerical models for predicting the heat and air movements afforded by the BAMs. Comparison of the experimental and calculated values for the temperature of air that flowed into the room from outside revealed a difference of less than 5%; (2) observations of the case studies in which BAMs were installed in the ceilings and exterior walls of Tokyo model houses revealed good annual ventilation and energy-saving effects. When BAMs with an opening area per unit area of A = 0.002 m2/m2 were applied to three surfaces, the required ventilation rate was 0.5 ACH (air changes per hour), and this was achieved consistently. Compared to a house with general insulation and conventional mechanical ventilation, heating load was reduced by 15.3%–40.2% depending on the BAM installation points and the differing areas of the house models. View Full-Text
Keywords: passive; natural ventilation; heat load; full-size experiment passive; natural ventilation; heat load; full-size experiment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Park, K.-S.; Kim, S.-W.; Yoon, S.-H. Application of Breathing Architectural Members to the Natural Ventilation of a Passive Solar House. Energies 2016, 9, 214.

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