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Energies 2016, 9(3), 201; doi:10.3390/en9030201

Catalytic Pyrolysis of Wild Reed over a Zeolite-Based Waste Catalyst

1
Department of Environmental Engineering, Sunchon National University, 255 Jungang-ro, Suncheon, Jeonnam 57922, Korea
2
School of Environmental Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul 02504, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jang-Ho Lee and Animesh Dutta
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 7 March 2016 / Accepted: 8 March 2016 / Published: 15 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from 5th Asia-Pacific Forum on Renewable Energy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3903 KB, uploaded 15 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Fast catalytic pyrolysis of wild reed was carried out at 500 °C. Waste fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst disposed from a petroleum refinery process was activated through acetone-washing and calcination and used as catalyst for pyrolysis. In order to evaluate the catalytic activity of waste FCC catalyst, commercial HY zeolite catalyst with a SiO2/Al2O3 ratio of 5.1 was also used. The bio-oil produced from pyrolysis was analyzed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). When the biomass-to-catalyst ratio was 1:1, the production of phenolics and aromatics was promoted considerably by catalysis, whereas the content of oxygenates was affected little. Significant conversion of oxygenates to furans and aromatics was observed when the biomass-to-catalyst ratio of 1:10 was used. Activated waste FCC catalyst showed comparable catalytic activity for biomass pyrolysis to HY in terms of the promotion of valuable chemicals, such as furans, phenolics and aromatics. The results of this study imply that waste FCC catalyst can be an important economical resource for producing high-value-added chemicals from biomass. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst; fast pyrolysis; bio-oil; wild reed waste fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst; fast pyrolysis; bio-oil; wild reed
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Yoo, M.L.; Park, Y.H.; Park, Y.-K.; Park, S.H. Catalytic Pyrolysis of Wild Reed over a Zeolite-Based Waste Catalyst. Energies 2016, 9, 201.

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