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Energies 2016, 9(3), 192; doi:10.3390/en9030192

Enhancement of Fire Safety of an Existing Green Building due to Natural Ventilation

1
Department of Architecture, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 10607, Taiwan
2
Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, No.1, Daxue Rd., Yanchao Dist., Kaohsiung City 82445, Taiwan
3
Institute of Fire Science, WuFeng University, Chiayi 62153, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nyuk Hien Wong
Received: 16 December 2015 / Revised: 3 February 2016 / Accepted: 4 March 2016 / Published: 14 March 2016

Abstract

In recent years, natural ventilation technology is extensively used in order to improve indoor environment quality and reduce power consumption of air-conditioning systems in green buildings. However, the effect of natural ventilation on fires needs to be evaluated carefully, and how to make these energy-saving buildings safe is a topic worth studying. This study uses Fire Dynamics Simulator on some fire safety enhancement measures for an existing green building without installation of a smoke exhaust system. Since the building is located on a school campus, it does not require a smoke exhaust system according to Taiwan fire regulations. Referential results, obtained after a series of improvement strategies are tested, show that kiln natural ventilation can generate a comfortable air flow. Unfortunately, due to the stack effect, hot air and fatal smoke are blown into the evacuation route area behind the room when a fire occurs. The findings showed that there are two feasible improvement measures, “controlling the off state of each air inlet” and “setting up an exhaust port in the rear of room”, which can effectively resolve the fire safety issues; the construction of which can be undertaken at a reasonable cost. View Full-Text
Keywords: fire safety; green building; natural ventilation; stack effect; fire dynamics simulator fire safety; green building; natural ventilation; stack effect; fire dynamics simulator
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, H.S.; Su, C.H.; Li, C.B.; Lin, C.Y.; Lin, C.C. Enhancement of Fire Safety of an Existing Green Building due to Natural Ventilation. Energies 2016, 9, 192.

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