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Energies 2016, 9(3), 151; doi:10.3390/en9030151

A Time-Frequency Analysis Method for Low Frequency Oscillation Signals Using Resonance-Based Sparse Signal Decomposition and a Frequency Slice Wavelet Transform

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2
Department of Power Transmission and Transformation Technology College, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012, China
3
Academic Administration Office, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ying-Yi Hong
Received: 5 December 2015 / Revised: 23 February 2016 / Accepted: 24 February 2016 / Published: 2 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Systems Research)
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Abstract

To more completely extract useful features from low frequency oscillation (LFO) signals, a time-frequency analysis method using resonance-based sparse signal decomposition (RSSD) and a frequency slice wavelet transform (FSWT) is proposed. FSWT can cut time-frequency areas freely, so that any band component feature can be extracted. It can analyze multiple aspects of the LFO signal, including determination of dominant mode, mode seperation and extraction, and 3D map expression. Combined with the Hilbert transform,the parameters of the LFO mode components can be identified. Furthermore, the noise in the LFO signal could reduce the frequency resolution of FSWT analysis, which may impact the accuracy of oscillation mode identification. Complex signals can be separated by predictable Q-factors using RSSD. The RSSD method can do well in LFO signal denoising. Firstly, the LFO signal is decomposed into a high-resonance component, a low-resonance component and a residual by RSSD. The LFO signal is the output of an underdamped system with high quality factor and high-resonance property at a specific frequency. The high-resonance component is the denoised LFO signal, and the residual contains most of the noise. Secondly, the high-resonance component is decomposed by FSWT and the full band of its time-frequency distribution are obtained. The 3D map expression and dominant mode of the LFO can be obtained. After that, due to its energy distribution, frequency slices are chosen to get accurate analysis of time-frequency features. Through reconstructing signals in characteristic frequency slices, separation and extraction of the LFO mode components is realized. Thirdly, high-accuracy detection for modal parameter identification is achieved by the Hilbert transform. Simulation and application examples prove the effectiveness of the proposed method. View Full-Text
Keywords: low-frequency oscillation; time-frequency analysis; resonance-based sparse signal decomposition; frequency slice wavelet transform; Hilbert transform low-frequency oscillation; time-frequency analysis; resonance-based sparse signal decomposition; frequency slice wavelet transform; Hilbert transform
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, Y.; Li, Z.; Nie, Y. A Time-Frequency Analysis Method for Low Frequency Oscillation Signals Using Resonance-Based Sparse Signal Decomposition and a Frequency Slice Wavelet Transform. Energies 2016, 9, 151.

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