Next Article in Journal
A Systematic Study of Separators in Air-Breathing Flat-Plate Microbial Fuel Cells—Part 1: Structure, Properties, and Performance Correlations
Previous Article in Journal
Economic Viability Study of an On-Road Wireless Charging System with a Generic Driving Range Estimation Method
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2016, 9(2), 75; doi:10.3390/en9020075

Analysis of a Solar Cooling System for Climatic Conditions of Five Different Cities of Saudi Arabia

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
2
Center for Engineering Research, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
3
College of Engineering, Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Department, King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
4
Faculty of Science, Geology Department, Benha University, P.O. Box 13518, Benha 345629, Egypt
5
College of Science, Geology and Geophysics Department, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kamel Hooman
Received: 8 December 2015 / Revised: 10 January 2016 / Accepted: 19 January 2016 / Published: 27 January 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3495 KB, uploaded 27 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

Air high in humidity leads to uncomfortable conditions and promotes the growth of different fungi and bacteria, which may cause health problems. The control of moisture content in the air using traditional air conditioning techniques is not a suitable option due to large consumption of primary energy and hence emission of greenhouse gases. The evaporative cooling technology is a cost effective and eco-friendly alternative but can provide thermal comfort conditions only under low humidity conditions. However, the evaporative cooling method can be used effectively in conjunction with desiccant dehumidifiers for better control of humidity. Such systems can control the temperature and humidity of the air independently and can effectively utilize the low-grade thermal energy resources. In this paper, the theoretical analysis of desiccant based evaporative cooling systems is carried out for five cities in Saudi Arabia (Jeddah, Jazan, Riyadh, Hail, and Dhahran). It has been observed that the coefficient of performance (COP) of the system varies from 0.275 to 0.476 for different locations. The water removal capacity of the desiccant wheel is at its maximum for the climatic conditions of Jazan and at its minimum for Hail. The effect of climatic conditions of five cities on regeneration temperature, air mass flow rate, and potential of solar energy has been evaluated using RET Screen software. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal cooling; desiccant wheel; evaporative cooling; clean technology; energy saving; Saudi Arabia thermal cooling; desiccant wheel; evaporative cooling; clean technology; energy saving; Saudi Arabia
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Rafique, M.M.; Rehman, S.; Lashin, A.; Al Arifi, N. Analysis of a Solar Cooling System for Climatic Conditions of Five Different Cities of Saudi Arabia. Energies 2016, 9, 75.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top