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Energies 2016, 9(12), 1048; doi:10.3390/en9121048

Validation of Generic Models for Variable Speed Operation Wind Turbines Following the Recent Guidelines Issued by IEC 61400-27

1
Renewable Energy Research Institute and DIEEAC-EDII-AB, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
2
Gamesa Innovation and Technology, 31621 Sarriguren, Spain
3
Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft (HTW) Berlin—University of Applied Sciences, 12459 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frede Blaabjerg
Received: 15 September 2016 / Revised: 8 November 2016 / Accepted: 5 December 2016 / Published: 13 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbine 2017)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [996 KB, uploaded 13 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Considerable efforts are currently being made by several international working groups focused on the development of generic, also known as simplified or standard, wind turbine models for power system stability studies. In this sense, the first edition of International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61400-27-1, which defines generic dynamic simulation models for wind turbines, was published in February 2015. Nevertheless, the correlations of the IEC generic models with respect to specific wind turbine manufacturer models are required by the wind power industry to validate the accuracy and corresponding usability of these standard models. The present work conducts the validation of the two topologies of variable speed wind turbines that present not only the largest market share, but also the most technological advances. Specifically, the doubly-fed induction machine and the full-scale converter (FSC) topology are modeled based on the IEC 61400-27-1 guidelines. The models are simulated for a wide range of voltage dips with different characteristics and wind turbine operating conditions. The simulated response of the IEC generic model is compared to the corresponding simplified model of a wind turbine manufacturer, showing a good correlation in most cases. Validation error sources are analyzed in detail, as well. In addition, this paper reviews in detail the previous work done in this field. Results suggest that wind turbine manufacturers are able to adjust the IEC generic models to represent the behavior of their specific wind turbines for power system stability analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: doubly-fed induction machine (DFIG); full-scale converter (FSC); generic model; IEC 61400-27; model validation; power system stability; standard model doubly-fed induction machine (DFIG); full-scale converter (FSC); generic model; IEC 61400-27; model validation; power system stability; standard model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Honrubia-Escribano, A.; Jiménez-Buendía, F.; Gómez-Lázaro, E.; Fortmann, J. Validation of Generic Models for Variable Speed Operation Wind Turbines Following the Recent Guidelines Issued by IEC 61400-27. Energies 2016, 9, 1048.

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