Flow Regime Changes: From Impounding a Temperate Lowland River to Small Hydropower Operations
AbstractThis article discusses the environmental issues facing small hydropower plants (SHPs) operating in temperate lowland rivers of Lithuania. The research subjects are two medium head reservoir type hydro schemes considered within a context of the global fleet of SHPs in the country. This research considers general abiotic indicators (flow, level, water retention time in the reservoirs) of the stream that may affect the aquatic systems. The main idea was to test whether the hydrologic regime has been altered by small hydropower dams. The analysis of changes in abiotic indicators is a complex process, including both pre- and post-reservoir construction and post commissioning of the SHPs under operation. Downstream hydrograph (flow and stage) ramping is also an issue for operating SHPs that can result in temporary rapid changes in flow and consequently negatively impact aquatic resources. This ramping has been quantitatively evaluated. To avoid the risk of excessive flow ramping, the types of turbines available were evaluated and the most suitable types for the natural river flow regime were identified. The results of this study are to allow for new hydro schemes or upgrades to use water resources in a more sustainable way. View Full-Text
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Punys, P.; Dumbrauskas, A.; Kasiulis, E.; Vyčienė, G.; Šilinis, L. Flow Regime Changes: From Impounding a Temperate Lowland River to Small Hydropower Operations. Energies 2015, 8, 7478-7501.
Punys P, Dumbrauskas A, Kasiulis E, Vyčienė G, Šilinis L. Flow Regime Changes: From Impounding a Temperate Lowland River to Small Hydropower Operations. Energies. 2015; 8(7):7478-7501.Chicago/Turabian Style
Punys, Petras; Dumbrauskas, Antanas; Kasiulis, Egidijus; Vyčienė, Gitana; Šilinis, Linas. 2015. "Flow Regime Changes: From Impounding a Temperate Lowland River to Small Hydropower Operations." Energies 8, no. 7: 7478-7501.