Model-based Sensor Fault Diagnosis of a Lithium-ion Battery in Electric Vehicles
AbstractThe battery critical functions such as State-of-Charge (SoC) and State-of-Health (SoH) estimations, over-current, and over-/under-voltage protections mainly depend on current and voltage sensor measurements. Therefore, it is imperative to develop a reliable sensor fault diagnosis scheme to guarantee the battery performance, safety and life. This paper presents a systematic model-based fault diagnosis scheme for a battery cell to detect current or voltage sensor faults. The battery model is developed based on the equivalent circuit technique. For the diagnostic scheme implementation, the extended Kalman filter (EKF) is used to estimate the terminal voltage of battery cell, and the residual carrying fault information is then generated by comparing the measured and estimated voltage. Further, the residual is evaluated by a statistical inference method that determines the presence of a fault. To highlight the importance of battery sensor fault diagnosis, the effects of sensors faults on battery SoC estimation and possible influences are analyzed. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed diagnostic scheme is experimentally validated, and the results show that the current or voltage sensor fault can be accurately detected. View Full-Text
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Liu, Z.; He, H. Model-based Sensor Fault Diagnosis of a Lithium-ion Battery in Electric Vehicles. Energies 2015, 8, 6509-6527.
Liu Z, He H. Model-based Sensor Fault Diagnosis of a Lithium-ion Battery in Electric Vehicles. Energies. 2015; 8(7):6509-6527.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Zhentong; He, Hongwen. 2015. "Model-based Sensor Fault Diagnosis of a Lithium-ion Battery in Electric Vehicles." Energies 8, no. 7: 6509-6527.