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Energies 2015, 8(5), 3955-3977; doi:10.3390/en8053955

Integrated Power Management of Conventional Units and Industrial Loads in China’s Ancillary Services Scheduling

1,†,* , 2,†
,
3,†
and
1,†
1
School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
State Grid Energy Research Institute, Beijing 102209, China
3
Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94701, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hossam A. Gabbar
Received: 15 February 2015 / Revised: 28 April 2015 / Accepted: 28 April 2015 / Published: 6 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Conservation in Infrastructures)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [394 KB, uploaded 6 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

With the development of the smart grid in China, new opportunities for responsive industrial loads to participate in the provision of ancillary services (AS) will become accessible. This paper summarizes AS in China and analyzes the necessary characteristics and advantages of industrial users to provide AS according to their response mechanism. Cement manufacturing and aluminum smelter processes are selected as two representatives of responsive industrial loads. An agent-based model that includes generation, industrial user, and grid agents is proposed. Using two case studies, we analyze the integrated power management of conventional units and industrial loads in day-ahead and real-time AS scheduling based on real device parameters, price mechanisms and production data. The simulation results indicate that the participation of responsive industrial loads in the provision of AS, in China, can improve the coal consumption rate and the system-wide load factor as well as reduce the total system cost for the provision of AS significantly. View Full-Text
Keywords: conventional unit; industrial load; Demand Response (DR); Ancillary Service (AS); aluminum smelter; cement; agent-based; China conventional unit; industrial load; Demand Response (DR); Ancillary Service (AS); aluminum smelter; cement; agent-based; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yao, M.; Hu, Z.; Sifuentes, F.; Zhang, N. Integrated Power Management of Conventional Units and Industrial Loads in China’s Ancillary Services Scheduling. Energies 2015, 8, 3955-3977.

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