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Energies 2015, 8(5), 3455-3488; doi:10.3390/en8053455

Application of Satellite-Based Spectrally-Resolved Solar Radiation Data to PV Performance Studies

1
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Via Fermi 2749, Ispra 21027, Italy
2
Deutscher Wetterdienst, Frankfurter Straße 135, Offenbach 63067, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jean-Michel Nunzi
Received: 11 February 2015 / Revised: 7 April 2015 / Accepted: 10 April 2015 / Published: 27 April 2015
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Abstract

In recent years, satellite-based solar radiation data resolved in spectral bands have become available. This has for the first time made it possible to produce maps of the geographical variation in the solar spectrum. It also makes it possible to estimate the influence of these variations on the performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules. Here, we present a study showing the magnitude of the spectral influence on PV performance over Europe and Africa. The method has been validated using measurements of a CdTe module in Ispra, Italy, showing that the method predicts the spectral influence to within ±2% on a monthly basis and 0.1% over a 19-month period. Application of the method to measured spectral responses of crystalline silicon, CdTe and single-junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) modules shows that the spectral effect is smallest over desert areas for all module types, higher in temperate Europe and highest in tropical Africa, where CdTe modules would be expected to yield +6% and single- junction a-Si modules up to +10% more energy due to spectral effects. In contrast, the effect for crystalline silicon modules is less than ±1% in nearly all of Africa and Southern Europe, rising to +1% or +2% in Northern Europe. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaic performance; spectral response; solar spectrum photovoltaic performance; spectral response; solar spectrum
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Amillo, A.M.G.; Huld, T.; Vourlioti, P.; Müller, R.; Norton, M. Application of Satellite-Based Spectrally-Resolved Solar Radiation Data to PV Performance Studies. Energies 2015, 8, 3455-3488.

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