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Energies 2015, 8(12), 14219-14243; doi:10.3390/en81212423

Wave Energy Resource along the Coast of Santa Catarina (Brazil)

Department of Civil Engineering, Design, Building and Environment, Second University of Naples, Via Roma 29, Aversa 81031, Caserta, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John Ringwood
Received: 24 September 2015 / Revised: 5 December 2015 / Accepted: 10 December 2015 / Published: 17 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tools and Techniques for Economic Delivery of Ocean Energy)
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Abstract

Brazil has one of the largest electricity markets in South America, which needs to add 6000 MW of capacity every year in order to satisfy growing the demand from an increasing and more prosperous population. Apart from biomass, no other renewable energy sources, besides hydroelectricity, play a relevant role in the energy mix. The potential for wind and wave energy is very large. Brazil's Santa Catarina state government is starting a clean energy program in the state, which is expected to bring more than 1 GW of capacity. Assessment of wave energy resources is needed along the coastline. This work studied the potential wave energy along the north-central coasts of Santa Catarina, in Southern Brazil, by analysis of the hindcast data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). The annual offshore wave power was found to be equal to 15.25 kW/m, the bulk of which is provided by southeastern waves. The nearshore energetic patterns were studied by means of a numerical coastal propagation model (Mike21 SW). The mean wave power of 20 m isobaths is 11.43 kW/m. Supplementary considerations are drawn on realistic perspectives for wave energy converters installations. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave energy; seasonal variability; numerical model; Santa Catarina; Brazil wave energy; seasonal variability; numerical model; Santa Catarina; Brazil
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Contestabile, P.; Ferrante, V.; Vicinanza, D. Wave Energy Resource along the Coast of Santa Catarina (Brazil). Energies 2015, 8, 14219-14243.

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