Strategies for Reducing the Start-up Operation of Microbial Electrochemical Treatments of Urban Wastewater
AbstractMicrobial electrochemical technologies (METs) constitute the core of a number of emerging technologies with a high potential for treating urban wastewater due to a fascinating reaction mechanism—the electron transfer between bacteria and electrodes to transform metabolism into electrical current. In the current work, we focus on the model electroactive microorganism Geobacter sulfurreducens to explore both the design of new start-up procedures and electrochemical operations. Our chemostat-grown plug and play cells, were able to reduce the start-up period by 20-fold while enhancing chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal by more than 6-fold during this period. Moreover, a filter-press based bioreactor was successfully tested for both acetate-supplemented synthetic wastewater and real urban wastewater. This proof-of-concept pre-pilot treatment included a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) followed in time by a microbial fuel cell (MFC) to finally generate electrical current of ca. 20 A·m−2 with a power of 10 W·m−2 while removing 42 g COD day−1·m−2. The effective removal of acetate suggests a potential use of this modular technology for treating acetogenic wastewater where Geobacter sulfurreducens outcompetes other organisms. View Full-Text
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Borjas, Z.; Ortiz, J.M.; Aldaz, A.; Feliu, J.; Esteve-Núñez, A. Strategies for Reducing the Start-up Operation of Microbial Electrochemical Treatments of Urban Wastewater. Energies 2015, 8, 14064-14077.
Borjas Z, Ortiz JM, Aldaz A, Feliu J, Esteve-Núñez A. Strategies for Reducing the Start-up Operation of Microbial Electrochemical Treatments of Urban Wastewater. Energies. 2015; 8(12):14064-14077.Chicago/Turabian Style
Borjas, Zulema; Ortiz, Juan M.; Aldaz, Antonio; Feliu, Juan; Esteve-Núñez, Abraham. 2015. "Strategies for Reducing the Start-up Operation of Microbial Electrochemical Treatments of Urban Wastewater." Energies 8, no. 12: 14064-14077.