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Energies 2015, 8(12), 14040-14048; doi:10.3390/en81212412

Characteristics of Biochar Obtained by Hydrothermal Carbonization of Cellulose for Renewable Energy

1
Department of Civil and Environmental System Engineering, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-701, Korea
2
Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas E. Amidon
Received: 31 August 2015 / Revised: 30 November 2015 / Accepted: 8 December 2015 / Published: 11 December 2015
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Abstract

The effect of hydrothermal carbonization on the properties of cellulose present in lignocellulosic biomass was investigated for converting it into a renewable energy resource with high energy recovery efficiency. The biochar obtained from cellulose subjected to hydrothermal carbonization showed a significant increase in its carbon content and a calorific value. 13C NMR spectroscopy showed that when raw cellulose was subjected to hydrothermal carbonization above 220 °C, the resulting biochar had more aromatic and aliphatic fractions than those in raw cellulose. The resulting composition of the biochars was comparable to that of solid fuels and was between that of lignite and sub-bituminous coal. Therefore, cellulose, the main component of lignocellulosic biomass, was used to investigate the effects of varying the reaction temperature during hydrothermal carbonization. The energy recovery efficiency calculations showed that the optimum reaction temperature for the transformation of a mixture of cellulose was approximately 220 °C. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignocellulosic biomass; cellulose; biochar; upgrading solid fuel; hydrothermal carbonization; energy recovery lignocellulosic biomass; cellulose; biochar; upgrading solid fuel; hydrothermal carbonization; energy recovery
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, D.; Yoshikawa, K.; Park, K.Y. Characteristics of Biochar Obtained by Hydrothermal Carbonization of Cellulose for Renewable Energy. Energies 2015, 8, 14040-14048.

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