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Energies 2015, 8(10), 10904-10941; doi:10.3390/en81010904

Sustainable Power Supply Solutions for Off-Grid Base Stations

1
School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Room 12, Level 3, Building 57, Carlton VIC 3053, Australia
2
School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, PO Box 71, Bundoora VIC 3083, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andy Wright
Received: 18 June 2015 / Revised: 22 August 2015 / Accepted: 6 September 2015 / Published: 29 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1020 KB, uploaded 29 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

The telecommunication sector plays a significant role in shaping the global economy and the way people share information and knowledge. At present, the telecommunication sector is liable for its energy consumption and the amount of emissions it emits in the environment. In the context of off-grid telecommunication applications, off-grid base stations (BSs) are commonly used due to their ability to provide radio coverage over a wide geographic area. However, in the past, the off-grid BSs usually relied on emission-intensive power supply solutions such as diesel generators. In this review paper, various types of solutions (including, in particular, the sustainable solutions) for powering BSs are discussed. The key aspects in designing an ideal power supply solution are reviewed, and these mainly include the pre-feasibility study and the thermal management of BSs, which comprise heating and cooling of the BS shelter/cabinets and BS electronic equipment and power supply components. The sizing and optimization approaches used to design the BSs’ power supply systems as well as the operational and control strategies adopted to manage the power supply systems are also reviewed in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: standalone power supply; telecommunication; base station; hydrogen systems; hybrid power supply systems; renewable energy standalone power supply; telecommunication; base station; hydrogen systems; hybrid power supply systems; renewable energy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Aris, A.M.; Shabani, B. Sustainable Power Supply Solutions for Off-Grid Base Stations. Energies 2015, 8, 10904-10941.

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