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Energies 2015, 8(1), 304-318;

Characterization of Anaerobic Degradability and Kinetics of Harvested Submerged Aquatic Weeds Used for Nutrient Phytoremediation

Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, 6-6-06 Aza-Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan road, Minghang District, Shanghai 200240, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Arthur J. Ragauskas
Received: 25 November 2014 / Accepted: 26 December 2014 / Published: 31 December 2014
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In this study, eight different submerged aquatic species were screened by batch biochemical methane potential and anaerobic degradability tests to identify a promising/suitable feedstock. Kinetics of the best-screened substrate were studied in a mesophilic semi-continuous experiment. The aquatic species Myriophyllum aquaticum, Egeria densa and Potamogeton perfoliatus showed relatively higher methane yields of over 400 NmL/g-VS (volatile solids). Semi-continuous operation was carried out by feeding E. densa for over 400 days. The achieved results were 33%–53% chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction and methane yield of 126–231 NmL/g-VS with a short hydraulic retention time (HRT). Additionally, the NH4+ and PO43− releases from the biomass to water were found to be low (18%–27% and 2.5%–3.9%) throughout the experiment. Hydrolysis was the limiting step in the digestion of E. densa, regardless of changes in HRT (15–45 days). The acid-phase model indicated that the hydrolysis rate constant (kh) of E. densa was 0.058 one/day, which was one third lower the kh value of food waste, but quite similar to cow manure. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquatic weeds; anaerobic digestion; limiting step; hydrolysis aquatic weeds; anaerobic digestion; limiting step; hydrolysis

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Kobayashi, T.; Wu, Y.-P.; Lu, Z.-J.; Xu, K.-Q. Characterization of Anaerobic Degradability and Kinetics of Harvested Submerged Aquatic Weeds Used for Nutrient Phytoremediation. Energies 2015, 8, 304-318.

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