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Compact Design of 10 kW Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Stack Systems with Microcontroller Units
AbstractIn this study, fuel, oxidant supply and cooling systems with microcontroller units (MCU) are developed in a compact design to fit two 5 kW proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stacks. At the initial stage, the testing facility of the system has a large volume (2.0 m × 2.0 m × 1.5 m) with a longer pipeline and excessive control sensors for safe testing. After recognizing the performance and stability of stack, the system is redesigned to fit in a limited space (0.4 m × 0.5 m × 0.8 m). Furthermore, the stack performance is studied under different hydrogen recycling modes. Then, two similar 5 kW stacks are directly coupled with diodes to obtain a higher power output and safe operation. The result shows that the efficiency of the 5 kW stack is 43.46% with a purge period of 2 min with hydrogen recycling and that the hydrogen utilization rate µf is 66.31%. In addition, the maximum power output of the twin-coupled module (a power module with two stacks in electrical cascade/parallel arrangement) is 9.52 kW.
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Ma, H.; Cheng, W.; Fang, F.; Hsu, C.; Lin, C. Compact Design of 10 kW Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Stack Systems with Microcontroller Units. Energies 2014, 7, 2498-2514.View more citation formats
Ma H, Cheng W, Fang F, Hsu C, Lin C. Compact Design of 10 kW Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Stack Systems with Microcontroller Units. Energies. 2014; 7(4):2498-2514.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ma, Hsiaokang; Cheng, Weiyang; Fang, Fuming; Hsu, Chinbing; Lin, Chengsheng. 2014. "Compact Design of 10 kW Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Stack Systems with Microcontroller Units." Energies 7, no. 4: 2498-2514.