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Energies 2014, 7(4), 2298-2316; doi:10.3390/en7042298
Article

Spatiotemporal Variability of Carbon Flux from Different Land Use and Land Cover Changes: A Case Study in Hubei Province, China

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Received: 23 January 2014; in revised form: 26 March 2014 / Accepted: 3 April 2014 / Published: 10 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Large Scale LUCC, Surface Energy Fluxes and Energy Use)
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Abstract: Carbon sources and sinks as a result of land use and land cover changes (LUCC) are significant for global climate change. This paper aims to identify and analyze the temporal and spatial changes of land use-based carbon emission in the Hubei Province in China. We use a carbon emission coefficient to calculate carbon emissions in different land use patterns in Hubei Province from 1998 to 2009. The results indicate that regional land use is facing tremendous pressure from rapid carbon emission growth. Source:sink ratios and average carbon emission intensity values of urban land are increasing, while slow-growing carbon sinks fail to offset the rapidly expanding carbon sources. Overall, urban land carbon emissions have a strong correlation with the total carbon emissions, and will continue to increase in the future mainly due to the surge of industrialization and urbanization. Furthermore, carbon emission in regions with more developed industrial structures is much higher than in regions with less advanced industrial structures. Lastly, carbon emission per unit of GDP has declined since 2004, indicating that a series of reform measures i.e., economic growth mode transformation and land-use structure optimization, has initiated the process of carbon emission reduction.
Keywords: land use and land cover change; carbon emission; Hubei Province; carbon reduction land use and land cover change; carbon emission; Hubei Province; carbon reduction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gao, L.; Wen, X.; Guo, Y.; Gao, T.; Wang, Y.; Shen, L. Spatiotemporal Variability of Carbon Flux from Different Land Use and Land Cover Changes: A Case Study in Hubei Province, China. Energies 2014, 7, 2298-2316.

AMA Style

Gao L, Wen X, Guo Y, Gao T, Wang Y, Shen L. Spatiotemporal Variability of Carbon Flux from Different Land Use and Land Cover Changes: A Case Study in Hubei Province, China. Energies. 2014; 7(4):2298-2316.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gao, Li; Wen, Xin; Guo, Yuntong; Gao, Tianming; Wang, Yi; Shen, Lei. 2014. "Spatiotemporal Variability of Carbon Flux from Different Land Use and Land Cover Changes: A Case Study in Hubei Province, China." Energies 7, no. 4: 2298-2316.


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