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Energies 2014, 7(4), 2207-2227; doi:10.3390/en7042207
Article

Analysis of the Energy Balance of Shale Gas Development

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Received: 26 November 2013; in revised form: 27 March 2014 / Accepted: 30 March 2014 / Published: 8 April 2014
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Abstract: Interest has rapidly grown in the use of unconventional resources to compensate for depletion of conventional hydrocarbon resources (“easy hydrocarbon”) that are produced at relatively low cost from oil and gas fields with large proven reserves. When one wants to ensure the prospects for development of unconventional resources that are potentially vast in terms of their energy potential, it is essential to determine the quality of that energy. Here we consider the development of shale gas, an unconventional energy resource of particularly strong interest of late, through analysis of its energy return on investment (EROI), a key indicator for qualitative assessment of energy resources. We used a Monte Carlo approach for the carbon footprint of U.S. operations in shale gas development to estimate expected ranges of EROI values by incorporating parameter variability. We obtained an EROI of between 13 and 23, with a mean of approximately 17 at the start of the pipeline. When we incorporated all the costs required to bring shale gas to the consumer, the mean value of EROI drops from about 17 at the start of the pipeline to 12 when delivered to the consumer. The shale gas EROI values estimated in the present study are in the initial stage of shale gas exploitation where the quality of that resource may be considerably higher than the mean and thus the careful and continuous investigation of change in EROI is needed, especially as production moves off the initial “sweet spots”.
Keywords: shale gas; energy return on investment (EROI); unconventional energy resource; carbon footprint shale gas; energy return on investment (EROI); unconventional energy resource; carbon footprint
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yaritani, H.; Matsushima, J. Analysis of the Energy Balance of Shale Gas Development. Energies 2014, 7, 2207-2227.

AMA Style

Yaritani H, Matsushima J. Analysis of the Energy Balance of Shale Gas Development. Energies. 2014; 7(4):2207-2227.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yaritani, Hiroaki; Matsushima, Jun. 2014. "Analysis of the Energy Balance of Shale Gas Development." Energies 7, no. 4: 2207-2227.


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