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Energies 2013, 6(7), 3323-3338; doi:10.3390/en6073323

An Analysis of Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Power-Control Methods with Fluctuating Wind Speed

1,* , 2
1 School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea 2 School of Electrical Engineering, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2013 / Revised: 13 June 2013 / Accepted: 29 June 2013 / Published: 5 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbines 2013)
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Variable-speed wind turbines (VSWTs) typically use a maximum power-point tracking (MPPT) method to optimize wind-energy acquisition. MPPT can be implemented by regulating the rotor speed or by adjusting the active power. The former, termed speed-control mode (SCM), employs a speed controller to regulate the rotor, while the latter, termed power-control mode (PCM), uses an active power controller to optimize the power. They are fundamentally equivalent; however, since they use a different controller at the outer control loop of the machine-side converter (MSC) controller, the time dependence of the control system differs depending on whether SCM or PCM is used. We have compared and analyzed the power quality and the power coefficient when these two different control modes were used in fluctuating wind speeds through computer simulations. The contrast between the two methods was larger when the wind-speed fluctuations were greater. Furthermore, we found that SCM was preferable to PCM in terms of the power coefficient, but PCM was superior in terms of power quality and system stability.
Keywords: power coefficient; power quality; wind-speed fluctuations power coefficient; power quality; wind-speed fluctuations
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Kim, Y.-S.; Chung, I.-Y.; Moon, S.-I. An Analysis of Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Power-Control Methods with Fluctuating Wind Speed. Energies 2013, 6, 3323-3338.

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