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Energies 2013, 6(7), 3263-3283; doi:10.3390/en6073263
Article

Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation of Distributed Intelligent Energy Management System for Microgrids

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Received: 6 May 2013; in revised form: 19 June 2013 / Accepted: 21 June 2013 / Published: 3 July 2013
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Abstract: Microgrids are autonomous low-voltage power distribution systems that contain multiple distributed energy resources (DERs) and smart loads that can provide power system operation flexibility. To effectively control and coordinate multiple DERs and loads of microgrids, this paper proposes a distributed intelligent management system that employs a multi-agent-based control system so that delicate decision-making functions can be distributed to local intelligent agents. This paper presents the development of a hardware-in-the-loop simulation (HILS) system for distributed intelligent management system for microgrids and its promising application to an emergency demand response program. In the developed HILS system, intelligent agents are developed using microcontrollers and ZigBee wireless communication technology. Power system dynamic models are implemented in real-time simulation environments using the Opal-RT system. This paper presents key features of the data communication and management schemes based on multi-agent concepts. The performance of the developed system is tested for emergency demand response program applications.
Keywords: microgrid; multi-agent system; energy management system; emergency demand response; hardware-in-the-loop simulation microgrid; multi-agent system; energy management system; emergency demand response; hardware-in-the-loop simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oh, S.-J.; Yoo, C.-H.; Chung, I.-Y.; Won, D.-J. Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation of Distributed Intelligent Energy Management System for Microgrids. Energies 2013, 6, 3263-3283.

AMA Style

Oh S-J, Yoo C-H, Chung I-Y, Won D-J. Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation of Distributed Intelligent Energy Management System for Microgrids. Energies. 2013; 6(7):3263-3283.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oh, Sang-Jin; Yoo, Cheol-Hee; Chung, Il-Yop; Won, Dong-Jun. 2013. "Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation of Distributed Intelligent Energy Management System for Microgrids." Energies 6, no. 7: 3263-3283.


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