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Transient Momentum Balance—A Method for Improving the Performance of Mean-Value Engine Plant Models
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Aškerčeva 6, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Received: 20 March 2013; in revised form: 5 June 2013 / Accepted: 6 June 2013 / Published: 14 June 2013
Abstract: Mean-value engine models (MVEMs) are frequently applied in system-level simulations of vehicle powertrains. In particular, MVEMs are a common choice in engine simulators, where real-time execution is mandatory. In the case of real-time applications with prescribed, fixed sampling times, the use of explicit integration schemes is almost mandatory. Thus the stability of MVEMs is one of the main limitations when it comes to optimizing their performance. It is limited either by the minimum size of the gas volume elements or by the maximum integration time step. An innovative approach that addresses both constraints arises from the fact that the mass flow through the transfer elements of the MVEM is not modelled considering the quasi-steady assumption, but instead the mass-flow is calculated using a single transient momentum balance (TMB) equation. The proposed approach closely resembles phenomena in the physical model, since it considers both the flow-field history and the inertial effects arising from the time variation of the mass flow. It is shown in this paper that a consideration of the TMB equation improves the stability and/or the computational speed of the MVEMs, whereas it also makes it possible to capture physical phenomena in a more physically plausible manner.
Keywords: mean-value engine model; gas path; transient momentum balance; stability; computational speed
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MDPI and ACS Style
Katrašnik, T. Transient Momentum Balance—A Method for Improving the Performance of Mean-Value Engine Plant Models. Energies 2013, 6, 2892-2926.
Katrašnik T. Transient Momentum Balance—A Method for Improving the Performance of Mean-Value Engine Plant Models. Energies. 2013; 6(6):2892-2926.
Katrašnik, Tomaž. 2013. "Transient Momentum Balance—A Method for Improving the Performance of Mean-Value Engine Plant Models." Energies 6, no. 6: 2892-2926.