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Energies 2013, 6(2), 973-987; doi:10.3390/en6020973
Article

Evaluating the Economic Performance of High-Technology Industry and Energy Efficiency: A Case Study of Science Parks in Taiwan

1,*  and 2
1 Department of International Business Administration, Chinese Culture University (SCE), No. 231, Sec. 2, Jian-guo S. R., Da-an Dist., 106 Taipei City, Taiwan 2 Science and Technology Policy Research and Information Center, National Applied Research Laboratories, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2012 / Revised: 20 January 2013 / Accepted: 31 January 2013 / Published: 13 February 2013
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Abstract

High-technology industries provide opportunities for economic growth, but also raise concerns because of their energy-demanding nature. This paper provides an integrated evaluation of both economic benefits and energy efficiency of high-technology industries based on the real data from one of the globally recognized high-technology industrial clusters, the national science parks in Taiwan. A nation-wide industrial Input-Output Analysis is conducted to demonstrate the positive effects of science parks on national economic developments and industrial upgrades. The concept of energy intensity and an energy-efficient economy index are applied to an integrated assessment of the relationship between economic growth and energy consumption. The proposed case study suggests that economic and energy efficiency objectives can be simultaneously achieved by the development of high-technology industries, while three energy policy implications are considered. First, a nation-wide macro viewpoint is needed and high-technology industries should be considered as parts of the national/regional economies by governmental agencies. Second, a proper industrial clustering mechanism and the shared environmental facilities supported by the government, such as planned land and road usage, electricity and water supply, telecommunications system, sewerage system and wastewater treatments, can improve energy efficiency of high-technology industries. Third, the governmental policies on the taxing and management system in science parks would also direct energy-efficient economy of high-technology industries.
Keywords: economic evaluation; energy efficiency; energy intensity; science park; high-technology industry economic evaluation; energy efficiency; energy intensity; science park; high-technology industry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yan, M.-R.; Chien, K.-M. Evaluating the Economic Performance of High-Technology Industry and Energy Efficiency: A Case Study of Science Parks in Taiwan. Energies 2013, 6, 973-987.

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