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Energy Management and Smart Grids
Energies 2013, 6(12), 6137-6152; doi:10.3390/en6126137

Hour-Ahead Wind Speed and Power Forecasting Using Empirical Mode Decomposition

* ,
Department of Electrical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200 Chung Pei Road, Chung Li 320, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 September 2013 / Revised: 17 November 2013 / Accepted: 20 November 2013 / Published: 25 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Grid and the Future Electrical Network)
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Operation of wind power generation in a large farm is quite challenging in a smart grid owing to uncertain weather conditions. Consequently, operators must accurately forecast wind speed/power in the dispatch center to carry out unit commitment, real power scheduling and economic dispatch. This work presents a novel method based on the integration of empirical mode decomposition (EMD) with artificial neural networks (ANN) to forecast the short-term (1 h ahead) wind speed/power. First, significant parameters for training the ANN are identified using the correlation coefficients. These significant parameters serve as inputs of the ANN. Owing to the volatile and intermittent wind speed/power, the historical time series of wind speed/power is decomposed into several intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) and a residual function through EMD. Each IMF becomes less volatile and therefore increases the accuracy of the neural network. The final forecasting results are achieved by aggregating all individual forecasting results from all IMFs and their corresponding residual functions. Real data related to the wind speed and wind power measured at a wind-turbine generator in Taiwan are used for simulation. The wind speed forecasting and wind power forecasting for the four seasons are studied. Comparative studies between the proposed method and traditional methods (i.e., artificial neural network without EMD, autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA), and persistence method) are also introduced.
Keywords: wind power; empirical mode decomposition; intrinsic mode function; artificial neural network wind power; empirical mode decomposition; intrinsic mode function; artificial neural network
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hong, Y.-Y.; Yu, T.-H.; Liu, C.-Y. Hour-Ahead Wind Speed and Power Forecasting Using Empirical Mode Decomposition. Energies 2013, 6, 6137-6152.

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