Next Article in Journal
On the Integration of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)® ND Protocol with the Energy Planning and Management Tools in Italy: Strengths and Weaknesses
Next Article in Special Issue
Co-Combustion of Animal Waste in a Commercial Waste-to-Energy BFB Boiler
Previous Article in Journal
Thermoelectric Power Generation in a Vacuum Cell of Decomposing Liquid Potassium-Ammonia Solutions
Previous Article in Special Issue
Corn Stover and Wheat Straw Combustion in a 176-kW Boiler Adapted for Round Bales
Energies 2013, 6(11), 5973-5989; doi:10.3390/en6115973
Article

Biomass Fuel and Combustion Conditions Selection in a Fixed Bed Combustor

1,* , 2
, 1
, 1
 and 1
Received: 27 September 2013; in revised form: 4 November 2013 / Accepted: 6 November 2013 / Published: 18 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass and Biofuels 2013)
Download PDF [701 KB, uploaded 18 November 2013]
Abstract: The biomass market has experienced an increase in development, leading to research and development efforts that are focused on determining optimal biofuel combustion conditions. Biomass combustion is a complex process that involves divergent parameters and thus requires the use of advanced analysis methods. This study proposes combining grey relational analysis (GRA) and error propagation theory (EPT) to select a biofuel and its optimal combustion conditions. This research will study three biofuels that are currently used in a region of South Europe (Spain), and the most important variables that affect combustion are the ignition front propagation speed and the highest temperature that is reached at the fixed bed combustor. The results demonstrate that a combination of both theories for the analysis of solid-state thermochemical phenomena enables a fast and simple way of choosing the best configuration for each fuel.
Keywords: grey relational grade error (GRGe); fuel behavior; fixed-bed combustion error propagation theory (EPT); grey relational analysis (GRA) grey relational grade error (GRGe); fuel behavior; fixed-bed combustion error propagation theory (EPT); grey relational analysis (GRA)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Arce, M.E.; Saavedra, Á.; Míguez, J.L.; Granada, E.; Cacabelos, A. Biomass Fuel and Combustion Conditions Selection in a Fixed Bed Combustor. Energies 2013, 6, 5973-5989.

AMA Style

Arce ME, Saavedra Á, Míguez JL, Granada E, Cacabelos A. Biomass Fuel and Combustion Conditions Selection in a Fixed Bed Combustor. Energies. 2013; 6(11):5973-5989.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arce, María E.; Saavedra, Ángeles; Míguez, José L.; Granada, Enrique; Cacabelos, Antón. 2013. "Biomass Fuel and Combustion Conditions Selection in a Fixed Bed Combustor." Energies 6, no. 11: 5973-5989.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert