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Energies 2013, 6(11), 5609-5624; doi:10.3390/en6115609
Article

Cost and CO2 Emission Optimization of Steel Reinforced Concrete Columns in High-Rise Buildings

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Received: 29 August 2013; in revised form: 3 October 2013 / Accepted: 14 October 2013 / Published: 25 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Efficient Building Design 2013)
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Abstract: The construction industry is a representative industry that consumes large amounts of energy and produces substantial pollution. The operation of a building accounts for a large portion of its total CO2 emissions. Most efforts are focused on improving the energy efficiency related to the operation of a building. The relative importance of the energy and CO2 emissions from the construction materials increases with the increasing number of low-energy buildings. To minimize the life-cycle energy use of a building, the energy consumed from both materials in the construction phase as well as the energy consumed from the operation of the building must be reduced. In this study, an optimal design method for composite columns in high-rise buildings using a genetic algorithm is proposed to reduce cost and CO2 emissions from the structural materials in the construction phase. The proposed optimal method minimizes the total cost, including the additional cost calculated based on CO2 emissions from composite columns, while satisfying the structural design criteria and constructability conditions. The proposed optimal method is applied to an actual 35-story building, and the effective use of structural materials for the sustainable design of composite columns is investigated. It is shown that using more concrete than steel section and using high-strength materials are economically and environmentally effective methods.
Keywords: CO2 emissions; cost; embodied energy; optimization; composite columns CO2 emissions; cost; embodied energy; optimization; composite columns
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, H.S.; Kwon, B.; Shin, Y.; Kim, Y.; Hong, T.; Choi, S.W. Cost and CO2 Emission Optimization of Steel Reinforced Concrete Columns in High-Rise Buildings. Energies 2013, 6, 5609-5624.

AMA Style

Park HS, Kwon B, Shin Y, Kim Y, Hong T, Choi SW. Cost and CO2 Emission Optimization of Steel Reinforced Concrete Columns in High-Rise Buildings. Energies. 2013; 6(11):5609-5624.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Hyo S.; Kwon, Bongkeun; Shin, Yunah; Kim, Yousok; Hong, Taehoon; Choi, Se W. 2013. "Cost and CO2 Emission Optimization of Steel Reinforced Concrete Columns in High-Rise Buildings." Energies 6, no. 11: 5609-5624.


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