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Energies 2012, 5(7), 2165-2177; doi:10.3390/en5072165
Article

Evaluating the Marginal Land Resources Suitable for Developing Pistacia chinensis-Based Biodiesel in China

1,2
,
1,* , 1
 and
1
1 State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Systems, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China 2 College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 April 2012 / Revised: 14 June 2012 / Accepted: 26 June 2012 / Published: 29 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass and Biofuels 2012)
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Abstract

Bio-energy from energy plants is expected to play an increasing role in the future energy system, with benefits in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving energy security. Pistacia chinensis is believed to be one of the most promising non-food input for biodiesel production. This study focused on the marginal land availability for developing Pistacia chinensis-based bioenergy in China. The spatial distribution, quality and total amount of marginal land resources suitable for cultivating Pistacia chinensis were identified with multiple datasets (natural habitat, remote sensing-derived land use, meteorological and soil data) and geoinformatic techniques. The results indicate that the area of marginal land exploitable for Pistacia chinensis plantations in China is 19.90 million hectares, which may produce approximately 56.85 million tons of biodiesel each year. The spatial variation of both marginal land resources and biodiesel potential are also presented. The results can be useful for national and regional bio-energy planning.
Keywords: Pistacia chinensis; marginal land; biodiesel Pistacia chinensis; marginal land; biodiesel
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Lu, L.; Jiang, D.; Zhuang, D.; Huang, Y. Evaluating the Marginal Land Resources Suitable for Developing Pistacia chinensis-Based Biodiesel in China. Energies 2012, 5, 2165-2177.

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