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A Power Smoothing Control Strategy and Optimized Allocation of Battery Capacity Based on Hybrid Storage Energy Technology
School of Control and Computer Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
Institute of Electrical Engineering, China Electric Power Research Institute, Beijing 100085, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2011; in revised form: 12 April 2012 / Accepted: 3 May 2012 / Published: 21 May 2012
Abstract: Wind power parallel operation is an effective way to realize the large scale use of wind power, but the fluctuations of power output from wind power units may have great influence on power quality, hence a new method of power smoothing and capacity optimized allocation based on hybrid energy storage technology is proposed in terms of the uncontrollable and unexpected characteristics of wind speed in wind farms. First, power smoothing based on a traditional Inertial Filter is introduced and the relationship between the time constant, its smoothing effect and capacity allocation are analyzed and combined with Proportional Integral Differential (PID) control to realize power smoothing control of wind power. Then wavelet theory is adopted to realize a multi-layer decomposition of power output in some wind farms, a power smoothing model based on hybrid energy storage technology is constructed combining the characteristics of the Super Capacitor (SC) and Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) technologies. The hybrid energy storage system is available for power fluctuations with high frequency-low energy and low frequency-high energy to achieve good smoothing effects compared with a single energy storage system. The power fluctuations filtered by the Wavelet Transform is regarded as the target value of BESS, the charging and discharging control for battery is completed quickly by Model Algorithm Control (MAC). Because of the influence of the inertia and the response speed of the battery, its actual output is not completely equal to the target value which mainly reflects in high-frequency part, the difference part uses SC to compensate and makes the output of battery and SC closer to the target value on the whole. Compared with the traditional Inertial Filter and PID control method, the validity of the model was verified by simulation results. Finally under the premise of power grid standards, the corresponding capacity design had been given to reduce the size of the energy storage devices as far as possible, which has a certain practical engineering value.
Keywords: energy storage system; Inertia Filter; Wavelet Transform; power smoothing; optimized allocation
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MDPI and ACS Style
Han, X.; Chen, F.; Cui, X.; Li, Y.; Li, X. A Power Smoothing Control Strategy and Optimized Allocation of Battery Capacity Based on Hybrid Storage Energy Technology. Energies 2012, 5, 1593-1612.
Han X, Chen F, Cui X, Li Y, Li X. A Power Smoothing Control Strategy and Optimized Allocation of Battery Capacity Based on Hybrid Storage Energy Technology. Energies. 2012; 5(5):1593-1612.
Han, Xiaojuan; Chen, Fang; Cui, Xiwang; Li, Yong; Li, Xiangjun. 2012. "A Power Smoothing Control Strategy and Optimized Allocation of Battery Capacity Based on Hybrid Storage Energy Technology." Energies 5, no. 5: 1593-1612.