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Energies 2012, 5(4), 1245-1270; doi:10.3390/en5041245
Article

A Low-Carbon Dispatch Model in a Wind Power Integrated System Considering Wind Speed Forecasting and Energy-Environmental Efficiency

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School of Electrical Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 March 2012 / Revised: 11 April 2012 / Accepted: 13 April 2012 / Published: 24 April 2012
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Abstract

This paper introduces the “Energy-Environmental Efficiency” concept of building a low-carbon dispatch model of wind-incorporated power systems from the perspective of environmental protection and low-carbon dispatch promotion based on the existing economic environmental dispatch. A rolling auto-regressive and moving-average model is adopted to forecast wind speeds for the next 24 h and reduce the disadvantages brought about to the power system dispatch by wind speed fluctuations. A fuzzy satisfaction-maximizing approach is employed to convert the multi-objective decision-making problem in the low-carbon dispatch model into a single nonlinear one. Particle swarm optimization with a simulated annealing algorithm hybrid is used for better solutions. Simulation results show that the energy-environmental efficiency concept benefits the optimization of the proposed power system dispatch, and the proposed low-carbon dispatch model is reasonable and practical.
Keywords: wind power; wind speed forecasting; low-carbon dispatch model; PSO-SA; energy-environmental efficiency wind power; wind speed forecasting; low-carbon dispatch model; PSO-SA; energy-environmental efficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Chen, D.; Gong, Q.; Zou, B.; Zhang, X.; Zhao, J. A Low-Carbon Dispatch Model in a Wind Power Integrated System Considering Wind Speed Forecasting and Energy-Environmental Efficiency. Energies 2012, 5, 1245-1270.

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