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Multi-Level Governance of Low-Carbon Energy Systems in Thailand
School of Energy, Environment and Materials, King Mongkut’s University of Technology, Thonburi, Bangkok 10140, Thailand
Energy Management Section, Faculty of Engineering, Dhurakij Pundit University, Bangkok 10210, Thailand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2012; in revised form: 13 February 2012 / Accepted: 13 February 2012 / Published: 23 February 2012
Abstract: Low-carbon future has in recent years recurred as a strategic element in energy and climate planning. The transition towards a low-carbon society requires fundamental changes in both the energy systems and in the ways that society adapts to large transformations. These changes cannot happen by themselves, but require purposeful mechanisms and measures steered by government and other actors in society. Actions are required at all levels of government from international to local. Thailand needs to transform its energy system to effectively address concerns about a range of environmental problems. This paper provides an analysis of Thailand’s carbon governance structure as applied to the energy systems. The study applies a multi-level governance framework to understand the policy environment. It presents the elements of existing energy and climate governance and an examination of modeling exercises of the existing literature. It is concluded that multi-level governance enables integration of divergent perspectives and helps steer the course of responsible development. The paper also provides some recommendations on issues related to the governance challenges.
Keywords: energy and climate policy; multi-level governance; energy systems; Thailand
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kunchornrat, J.; Phdungsilp, A. Multi-Level Governance of Low-Carbon Energy Systems in Thailand. Energies 2012, 5, 531-544.
Kunchornrat J, Phdungsilp A. Multi-Level Governance of Low-Carbon Energy Systems in Thailand. Energies. 2012; 5(3):531-544.
Kunchornrat, Janthana; Phdungsilp, Aumnad. 2012. "Multi-Level Governance of Low-Carbon Energy Systems in Thailand." Energies 5, no. 3: 531-544.